In 2015, Member States, partners and donors mandated WHO to establish a Strategic Partnership Portal (SPP) to monitor the health security capacity of countries by helping them identify needs, gaps and priorities in national, provincial and local health security; by mapping and sharing information on global health security investment and resources; and by creating a platform for collaborating on global health security. In 2018, the SPP expanded from a one-stop information platform to a mechanism for collaboration and partnership and became the Strategic Partnership for Health Security (SPH).
The goal of SPH is to ensure that Member States, partners and donors are aligned and apply coherent “One Health” approaches in supporting countries to build and strengthen country their capacities to detect, prevent and respond to public health emergencies. These capacities are enshrined in the IHR (2005) and require well-functioning national health systems.
The International Health Regulations (2005) requires all States Parties to detect, assess, report, and respond to potential public health emergencies of international concern (PHEIC) at all levels of government, and to report such events rapidly to the WHO to determine whether a coordinated, global response is required. To develop baseline capacities of Member States, the WHA resolution “WHA 65.21” identified WHO’s critical convening role to facilitate strategic cooperation and partnership between and within States Parties along with regional and internationals partners, donors and networks. The SPH is designed specifically to foster these relationships.
The Strategic Partnership Networks enables countries, partners and donors to efficiently and rapidly match needs and gaps with resources and priorities to effectively improve health security. It uses data obtained from donors and partners directly, from WHO regional and country offices, from the countries themselves, from the various IHR assessments conducted, and from public websites. A partner matching application helps Member States and donors establish matches.