eCatalogue of indicators for micronutrient programmes

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Certificate of Conformity for imported fortified flour or other foods made with fortified flour
Imported fortified wheat or maize flour and imported food made with fortified wheat or maize flour must have a phyto-sanitary document that certifies the nutrient content. This document is often called a Certificate of Conformity or Certificate of Analysis.
The product composition influences the effectiveness and safety of the fortified wheat or maize flour. A Certificate of Conformity is issued by a competent authority declaring that the imported fortified flour and fortified products follow the specifications within the national standards or regulations of the importing country. This is important, as there must not be any discrimination with different standards for national production versus imported products. Approval of the imported fortified flour or food made with fortified flour is provided by the appropriate government agency in the country where the imported flour is received. This certificate provides evidence to the local milling industry that imported flour follows the same standards that the local mills are required to follow.
The percentage of imported wheat or maize flour and flour products that have a Certificate of Conformity declaring they meet national standards for fortification Numerator: the total number of shipments of imported fortified flour and foods made with a Certificate of Conformity that declares the products fulfil the standards or regulations established in the importer country for imported fortified flour or foods made with fortified flour, over a given period of time (e.g. the last 12 months) Denominator: the total number of shipments of imported flour and foods made with flour that is purportedly fortified, over the same period of time • Divide the numerator by the denominator. Multiply the result by 100 to convert the number into a percentage. Considerations for the calculation: • Shipment information is gathered by the appropriate government agency in the country where the imported flour is received (e.g. customs). • It may be important to define a target for this indicator (e.g. 100% every 12 months). • The terminology used for the certification process in the exporting country should be verified. For example, some countries give a Certificate of Conformance or Certificate of Compliance.
approval, Certificate of Analysis, Certificate of Compliance, Certificate of Conformance, Certificate of Conformity, COC, composition, documentation, formulation, import, legislation, premix
Food fortification
Products meets standards
School age children, 12-23 months, 24-35 months, 36-47 months, 48-59 months, 6-11 months, Adolescents, All, Men, Women of reproductive age
Copper, Folate, Iron, Niacin, Selenium, Vitamin A, Thiamine (vitamin B1), Vitamin B12, Riboflavin (vitamin B2), Vitamin B6, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin K, Zinc
The government agency that receives imported flour and foods may not make available the information needed to calculate this indicator. It may be necessary to have information about the composition or quality of a fortified flour, or food made with fortified flour, in order to get government approval to import the product(s) into the country. This may require analytical verification from an independent laboratory or government source. The governmental agency may use third-party inspection and certification.
It is relatively easy and feasible to collect information about the Certificate of Conformity for imported shipments, to calculate the indicator.
Without laboratory testing, a Certificate of Conformity might not guarantee the composition of the fortified flour or foods made with fortified flour.
The government in a country has decided to implement a large-scale programme for fortification of wheat flour. The country aims to obtain a Certificate of Conformity for every shipment (i.e. 100%) of fortified flour that is imported, to ensure that the appropriate vitamins and minerals are included. During the first year of the programme, 3725 shipments arrived at the port; 3725 had Certificates of Conformity. Numerator: 3725 Denominator: 3725 Calculation: 3725/3725 * 100 = 100% of shipments arriving at the port had Certificates of Conformity.
1. WHO/FAO. Guidelines on food fortification with micronutrients. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2006.
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