About International Health Regulations
The revised International Health Regulations (IHR) are a set of legal instruments designed to ensure and improve the capacity of all signatories or States Parties to prevent, detect, assess, notify, and respond to public health risks and acute events.
Under the IHR, States Parties are obliged to develop and maintain minimum core capacities for surveillance and response to any potential public health events of international concern. The success of the IHR in ensuring global public health security depends on their full application, implementation, and compliance by all States Parties.
About State Party Self-Assessment Annual Reporting tool
States Parties and the Director-General report to the World Health Assembly on the implementation of the IHR. States Parties use a self-assessment tool for their annual reporting called the State Party Self-Assessment Annual Reporting Tool or SPAR.
The SPAR (State Party Self-Assessment Annual Reporting) tool consists of 35 indicators for the 15 IHR capacities needed to detect, assess, notify, report and respond to public health risk and acute events of domestic and international concern. For each of the 15 capacities, one to three indicators are used to measure the status of each capacity. Indicators are further broken down to a few elements called attributes, which further define the indicator at each level.
Mid-year States Parties are informed to initiate the process of self-assessment and reporting to the World Health Assembly, using a multisectoral approach to obtain information from all sectors involved in implementing IHR core capacities.
Based on the analysis of the latest annual reporting data, the top challenges are:
Average of capacities per WHO region
Average of capacities for all WHO regions
IHR designated points of entry