Italy
Tuberculosis profile
Population  2012 61 million
Estimates of TB burden * 2012 Number (thousands) Rate
(per 100 000 population)
Mortality (excludes HIV+TB) 0.26 (0.26–0.27) 0.43 (0.43–0.44)
Mortality (HIV+TB only) <0.01 (<0.01–0.01) 0.01 (0.01–0.02)
Prevalence  (includes HIV+TB) 5.7 (2.5–10) 9.4 (4.1–17)
Incidence  (includes HIV+TB) 4.1 (3.6–4.6) 6.7 (5.8–7.5)
Incidence (HIV+TB only) 0.062 (0.055–0.071) 0.1 (0.09–0.12)
Case detection, all forms (%) 76 (67–87)    
TB case notifications 2012        
New cases   (%) Retreatment cases (%)
Smear-positive 522 (32) Relapse 0 (0)
Smear-negative 210 (13) Treatment after failure 0 (0)
Smear-unknown / not done 303 (19) Treatment after default 0 (0)
Extrapulmonary 588 (36) Other 46 (100)
Other 0 (0)      
Total new 1 623   Total retreatment 46  
           
Other (history unknown) 1 473        
Total new and relapse 1 623   Total cases notified 3 142  
New cases Smear-positive Smear-negative/ unknown/
not done
Extrapulmonary
M:F ratio 1.7 1.1 1.2
Age < 15 2 64 23
Laboratories 2012
Is second-line drug susceptibility testing available? Yes, in country
Treatment success rate 2011 (%)        
New smear-positive and/or culture-positive     Is rifampicin used
throughout treatment for
new patients?
 
New smear-negative/extrapulmonary    
Retreatment    
TB/HIV 2012 Number (%)
TB patients with known HIV status    
HIV-positive TB patients    
HIV-positive TB patients on co-trimoxazole preventive therapy (CPT)    
HIV-positive TB patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART)    
HIV-positive people screened for TB    
HIV-positive people provided with IPT    
Estimates of MDR-TB burden 2012*   New   Retreatment
% of TB cases with MDR-TB 3.9 (2.7–5.6) 5.4 (3.5–8)
MDR-TB cases among notified pulmonary
TB cases
41 (28–58) 3 (2–4)
Reported cases of MDR-TB 2012 New Retreatment Total
Cases tested for MDR-TB 454 (67%) 136 (296%) 2 439
Laboratory-confirmed MDR-TB cases 12 12 74
Patients started on MDR-TB treatment      
Financing TB control 2013
National TB programme budget (US$ millions)  
***
(Rate per 100 000 population per year)
Mortality graph
___ Mortality  (excludes HIV+TB)

(Rate per 100 000 population)
Prevalence graph
___ Prevalence

(Rate per 100 000 population per year)
Incidence graph
__ Notifications Incidence
___
___ Incidence (HIV+TB only)

Treatment success rate (%)
tx success graph
__ New smear-positive and/or culture-positive
__ New smear-negative/extrapulmonary __
Retreatment

(Number of patients)
CPT ART graph
__ HIV-positive TB patients
__ on CPT __ on ART

 
 Data are as reported to WHO. Estimates of TB and MDR-TB burden are produced by WHO in consultation with countries.
 * Ranges represent uncertainty intervals Generated: 2014-04-16 Data: www.who.int/tb/data