About influenza

Influenza is an acute respiratory infection caused by influenza viruses which circulate in all parts of the world. It can cause a serious public health concern such as epidemics, zoonotic infections, as well as pandemics. WHO works to strengthen national, regional and global influenza response capacities including diagnostics, antiviral susceptibility monitoring, disease surveillance and outbreak responses, to increase vaccine coverage among high-risk groups, and to prepare for the next influenza pandemic. For more information about influenza and WHO's work, please visit WHO's Global Influenza Programme (GIP) website.

National Plans for Pandemic Preparedness and Risk Management

This section provides a list of countries which currently have influenza pandemic preparedness plans that are available on public websites. Please send queries about the contents of specifc plans to the authors or to the original source of the documents. It would be greatly appreciated if you could contact WHOinfluenza in case any of the links to the original source are not functioning.

Below the map, a graph shows the proportion of countries in each of the four pandemic preparedness plans' development or update status among all 194 countries on the list.

Region Countries and Areas Year Plan Document JEE Status NAPHS Status
Eastern Mediterranean Region Afghanistan - Completed Ongoing
European Region Albania - Completed Ongoing
European Region Andorra -
African Region Angola -
Region of the Americas Antigua and Barbuda -
European Region Armenia - Completed In pipeline
Region of the Americas Bahamas -
Region of the Americas Barbados -
European Region Belarus -
Region of the Americas Belize - Completed
African Region Benin - Completed Completed
European Region Bosnia and Herzegovina - In Pipeline
African Region Botswana - Completed Ongoing
Region of the Americas Brazil -
African Region Burundi - Completed Ongoing
African Region Cabo Verde -
African Region Cameroon - Completed Ongoing
African Region Central African Republic - In Pipeline
African Region Chad - Completed Completed
African Region Comoros - Completed Completed
African Region Congo - In Pipeline
African Region Cote d'Ivoire - Completed Completed
South-East Asia Region Democratic People’s Republic of Korea - In Pipeline
African Region Democratic Republic of Congo - Completed Ongoing
Eastern Mediterranean Region Djibouti - Completed
Region of the Americas Dominica -
Region of the Americas Dominican Republic -
Eastern Mediterranean Region Egypt - Completed In pipeline
African Region Equatorial Guinea -
African Region Eritrea - Completed Completed
African Region Ethiopia - Completed Completed
African Region Gabon -
African Region Gambia - Completed Ongoing
European Region Georgia - In Pipeline
African Region Ghana - Completed Completed
Region of the Americas Guatemala -
African Region Guinea - Completed Ongoing
African Region Guinea Bissau -
Region of the Americas Guyana -
Region of the Americas Haiti -
Eastern Mediterranean Region Iran (Islamic Republic of) - In Pipeline
Eastern Mediterranean Region Iraq - In Pipeline
European Region Israel -
Region of the Americas Jamaica -
Eastern Mediterranean Region Jordan - Completed Completed
European Region Kazakhstan -
African Region Kenya - Completed Completed
African Region Kingdom of Eswatini - Completed In pipeline
Eastern Mediterranean Region Kuwait - Completed Completed
European Region Kyrgyzstan - Completed Ongoing
Eastern Mediterranean Region Lebanon - Completed
African Region Lesotho - Completed Ongoing
African Region Liberia - Completed Completed
Eastern Mediterranean Region Libya - Completed Ongoing
African Region Madagascar - Completed
African Region Malawi - In Pipeline
African Region Mali - Completed
Western Pacific Region Marshall Islands -
African Region Mauritania - Completed Completed
African Region Mauritius - Completed
European Region Moldova (Republic of) - Completed
European Region Monaco -
African Region Mozambique - Completed Completed
African Region Namibia - Completed Completed
South-East Asia Region Nepal - In Pipeline
African Region Niger - Completed Ongoing
Eastern Mediterranean Region Pakistan - Completed Completed
Region of the Americas Paraguay -
Eastern Mediterranean Region Qatar - Completed Completed
European Region Russian Federation -
African Region Rwanda - Completed Ongoing
Region of the Americas Saint Kitts and Nevis -
Region of the Americas Saint Lucia -
Region of the Americas Saint Vincent and the Grenadines -
European Region San Marino -
African Region Sao Tome and Principe - In Pipeline
African Region Senegal - Completed Completed
European Region Serbia - Completed
African Region Seychelles - Completed Ongoing
African Region Sierra Leone - Completed Completed
Western Pacific Region Solomon Islands -
Eastern Mediterranean Region Somalia - Completed Completed
African Region South Africa - Completed Completed
African Region South Sudan - Completed Ongoing
Eastern Mediterranean Region Sudan - Completed Completed
Region of the Americas Suriname -
Eastern Mediterranean Region Syrian Arab Republic - In Pipeline
European Region Tajikistan - In Pipeline
African Region Togo - Completed
Eastern Mediterranean Region Tunisia - Completed In pipeline
European Region Turkey -
European Region Turkmenistan - Completed Ongoing
Western Pacific Region Tuvalu -
African Region Uganda - Completed Completed
European Region Ukraine -
Eastern Mediterranean Region United Arab Emirates - Completed In pipeline
African Region United Republic of Tanzania - Completed Completed
European Region Uzbekistan -
Western Pacific Region Vanuatu -
African Region Zambia - Completed In pipeline
African Region Zimbabwe - Completed Ongoing
African Region Algeria 2009 PLAN NATIONAL DE PREPARATION À UNE PANDEMIE DE GRIPPE A/H1N1 In Pipeline
Region of the Americas Argentina 2007 Plan de Respuesta Integrada para Pandemia de Influenza
European Region Austria 2009 Österreichischer Influenza Pandemieplan
European Region Azerbaijan 2008 NATIONAL INFLUENZA PANDEMIC PREPAREDNESS PLAN
Azərbaycan Respublikasinda qrip pandemiyasina hazirliq üzrə milli plan
Eastern Mediterranean Region Bahrain 2007 AVIAN INFLUENZA (H5N1) THE CONTINGENCY AND SURVEILLANCE PLAN Completed In pipeline
South-East Asia Region Bangladesh 2009 2nd National Avian and Pandemic Influenza Preparedness and Response Plan, Bangladesh (draft) Completed In pipeline
European Region Belgium 2006 Belgian pandemic flu preparednes plan
Belgian pandemic flu preparednes plan
Completed In pipeline
Region of the Americas Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 2005 Plan Nacional Para Pandemia de Influenza y Gripe Aviar
Western Pacific Region Brunei Darussalam 2008 PUBLIC-PRIVATE SECTOR COLLABORATION FOR PANDEMIC INFLUENZA PREPAREDNESS IN BRUNEI DARUSSALAM: BARRIERS AND CHALLENGES In Pipeline
European Region Bulgaria 2006 National Plan for Influenza Pandemic Preparedness of the Republic of Bulgaria
African Region Burkina Faso 2005 plan stratégique pour la préparation et la riposte à d’éventuels cas de grippe aviaire au Burkina Faso en 2005-2006 Completed Completed
Western Pacific Region Cambodia 2007 Cambodia National Comprehensive Avian and Human Influenza Plan Completed Completed
Region of the Americas Chile 2007 Plan Nacional de Preparacion para una pandemia de influenza
Western Pacific Region China 2006 Preparedness and Contingency Plan for Influenza Pandemic of the Ministry of Health, PR China (draft) Completed
Region of the Americas Colombia 2005 "PLAN DE PREVENCION Y MITIGACION DEL IMPACTO DE LA PANDEMIA DE INFLUENZA"
Western Pacific Region Cook Islands 2007 Influenza Pandemic Action Plan
Region of the Americas Costa Rica 2008 "Plan de Preparación y Respuesta en Situación de Pandemia de Influenza"
European Region Croatia 2005 Nacionalni plan pripremljenosti za pandemiju gripe
Region of the Americas Cuba 2005 Plan Para El Enfrentamiento Unico de Una Pandemia de Influenza
European Region Cyprus 2008 Summary of the Influenza Pandemic Preparedness Plan
Region of the Americas Ecuador 2005 PLAN NACIONAL DE CONTINGENCIA PARA ENFRENTAR POSIBLE PANDEMIA DE INFLUENZA EN EL ECUADOR
Region of the Americas El Salvador 2007 Plan contingencial contra la Pandemia de Influenza
European Region Estonia 2005 Gripipandeemiaks Valmisoleku Plaan
Influenza pandemic preparedness plan
Western Pacific Region Fiji 2006 Fiji National Influenza Pandemic Plan
European Region Greece 2009 "ΕΘΝΙΚΟ ΣΧΕΔΙΟ ΔΡΑΣΗΣ ΓΙΑ ΤΗΝ ΑΝΤΙΜΕΤΩΠΙΣΗ ΠΑΝΔΗΜΙΑΣ ΓΡΙΠΗΣ"
Region of the Americas Grenada 2007 Grenada National Influenza Pandemic Preparedness Plan In Pipeline
European Region Hungary 2009 National Influenza Pandemic Preparedness Plan
European Region Iceland 2008 Heimsfaraldur inflúensu. Landsáætlun 2008
South-East Asia Region India 2009 Pandemic Influenza – A(H1N1) Pandemic Plan
South-East Asia Region Indonesia 2006 National Strategic Plan for Avian Influenza Control and Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Completed Completed
European Region Ireland 2007 National Pandemic Influenza Plan
European Region Italy 2006 NATIONAL PLAN FOR PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE TO AN INFLUENZA PANDEMIC
Western Pacific Region Japan 2007 Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Action Plan of the Japanese Government Completed
Western Pacific Region Kiribati 2008 Avian & Pandemic Influenza Preparedness and Response Plan
Western Pacific Region Korea (Republic of) 2006 Pandemic Influenza Preparedness and Response Plan Completed
Western Pacific Region Lao People's Democratic Republic 2006 National Avian Influenza Control and Pandemic Preparedness Plan Completed Completed
European Region Lithuania 2005 Pasirengimo gripo pandemijai planas In Pipeline
European Region Luxembourg 2006 Plan gouvernemental "Pandémie grippale"
Western Pacific Region Malaysia 2006 Malaysia National Influenza Pandemic Preparedness Plan In Pipeline Completed
South-East Asia Region Maldives 2009 National Influenza Pandemic Preparedness Plan Completed Completed
European Region Malta 2007 Malta Pandemic Influenza Response Plan
Region of the Americas Mexico 2006 Plan nacional de preparación y respuesta ante una Pandemia de Influenza
Western Pacific Region Micronesia (Federated States of) 2008 FSM Pandemic Influenza Plan Completed
Western Pacific Region Mongolia 2007 Mongolia National Comprehensive Avian and Human Influenza Strategy and Action Plan (draft) Completed Completed
European Region Montenegro 2005 Nacionalni plan za zaštitu od ptičjeg gripa i pandemije gripa – Prilozi
Национални план за птицији грип и пандемију грипа
National plan for protection from avian influenza and pandemic influenza
In Pipeline
Eastern Mediterranean Region Morocco 2006 plan national de préparation et de riposte à l’influenza aviaire et à une pandémie de grippe d’origine aviaire Completed Completed
South-East Asia Region Myanmar 2006 Avian and Human Influenza Pandemic Preparedness and Response in Myanmar (draft) Completed Completed
Western Pacific Region Nauru 2005 Emergency Operations Plan for Pandemic Influenza (draft)
Region of the Americas Nicaragua 2007 PLAN NACIONAL DE RESPUESTA FRENTE AL RIESGO DE INFLUENZA PANDEMICA E INFUENZA AVIAR
Eastern Mediterranean Region Oman 2009 National Pandemic Influenza A(H1N1) Preparedness Plan Completed
Western Pacific Region Palau 2005 Republic of Palau Pandemic Influenza Response Plan
Region of the Americas Panama 2007 Influenza aviar y la pandemia de influenza
Western Pacific Region Papua New Guinea 2006 National Contingency Plan for Preparedness and Response for Influenza Pandemic In Pipeline Ongoing
Western Pacific Region Philippines 2005 Philippines Preparedness and Response Plan for Avian and Pandemic Influenza Completed
European Region Poland 2009 Polski Plan Pandemiczny
European Region Portugal 2006 Plano de Contingência Nacional para a Pandemia da Gripe - Sector da Saúde
European Region Romania 2009 HOTĂRÂRE Nr. 826 din 22 iulie 2009 pentru aprobarea Planului-cadru intersectorial gradual pentru combaterea efectelor pandemiei
Western Pacific Region Samoa 2008 Samoa National Avian and PandemicInfluenza Preparedness Plan
Western Pacific Region Samoa 2008 Samoa National Avian and Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Plan
Eastern Mediterranean Region Saudi Arabia 2006 The National Plan Completed Completed
European Region Slovenia 2006 Načrt pripravljenosti na pandemijo gripe na področju zdravstva Completed
European Region Spain 2006 Actualización plan nacional de preparación y respuesta ante una pandemia de gripe
South-East Asia Region Timor-Leste 2005 Preparedness and Response Plan for Avian Influenza Pandemic(draft) In Pipeline
Western Pacific Region Tonga 2006 National Influenza Preparedness and Response Plan
Region of the Americas Trinidad and Tobago 2006 PANDEMIC INFLUENZA PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE PLAN
Region of the Americas Uruguay 2007 PLAN NACIONAL INTEGRADO DE PREPARACIÓN PARA UNA PANDEMIA DE INFLUENZA
Region of the Americas Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 2006 PLAN NACIONAL DE VIGILANCIA, PREVENCION Y CONTROL ANTE UNA POSIBLE PANDEMIA DE INFLUENZA AVIAR
Eastern Mediterranean Region Yemen 2005 Emergency Plan of Action Bird Flu Precautionary Measures In Pipeline
South-East Asia Region Bhutan 2011 National Influenza Pandemic Preparedness Plan Completed
European Region Czech Republic 2011 Pandemický plán České republiky
Pandemic Plan of the Czech Republic
European Region Denmark 2013 Beredskabsplanen for pandemisk influenza
European Region Finland 2012 Kansallinen varautumissuunnitelma influenssapandemiaa varten
Materiaalisen pandemiavarautumisen tarpeita selvittävän työryhmän raportti
Alueellinen varautuminen ja valmiussuunnittelu sairaanhoitopiireissä
Completed Completed
European Region France 2011 Plan national de prévention et de lutte «Pandémie grippale»
National "Influenza pandemic" prevention and response plan
Region of the Americas Honduras 2010 "PLAN NACIONAL DE PREPARACION PARA LA PANDEMIA DE INFLUENZA"
African Region Nigeria 2013 Nigeria National Pandemic Influenza Preparedness and Response Plan Completed Completed
Western Pacific Region Niue 2010 Niue National Disaster Plan 2010 (C2 - Influenza Pandemic Contingency Plan)
European Region Slovakia 2012 Podrobný plán opatrení pre prípad pandémie chrípky v Slovenskej Republike
South-East Asia Region Sri Lanka 2012 National Influenza Pandemic Preparedness Plan Completed Completed
South-East Asia Region Thailand 2013 The National Strategic Plan for Prevention, Control, Preparedness and Response to Avian Influenza, Influenza Pandemic, and Emerg Completed
European Region The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 2013 Operational plan and guidelines, Risk Management in case of pandemic influenza in the Republic of Macedonia
Оперативен план и прирачник за управување со ризик при појава на пандемиски грип во Република Македонија
In Pipeline
Western Pacific Region Viet Nam 2011 The Vietnam Integrated Program on Avian Influenza, Pandemic Preparedness and Emerging Infectious Diseases 2011-2015 Completed Ongoing
Western Pacific Region Australia 2014 Australian Health Management Plan for Pandemic Influenza Completed Ongoing
Region of the Americas Canada 2015 Canadian Pandemic Influenza Preparedness: Planning Guidance for the Health Sector Completed
European Region Germany 2016 Nationaler Influenzapandemieplan (Robert Koch Institut)
European Region Latvia 2015 Valsts katastrofu medicīnas plāns: Gripas pandēmijas plāns Completed
European Region Netherlands 2015 Influenza - Operationeel draaiboek
Western Pacific Region New Zealand 2017 New Zealand Influenza Pandemic Plan: A framework for action In Pipeline
European Region Norway 2014 Nasjonal beredskapsplan pandemisk influensa
Region of the Americas Peru 2015 PLAN NACIONAL DE PREPARACION Y RESPUESTA FRENTE A UNA POTENCIAL PANDEMIA DE INFLUENZA U OTROS VIRUS RESPIRATORIOS EMERGENTES
Western Pacific Region Singapore 2014 MOH Pandemic Readiness and Response Plan for Influenza and other Acute Respiratory Diseases Completed
European Region Sweden 2015 Beredskapsplanering för pandemisk influensa
European Region Switzerland 2018 Plan suisse de pandémie Influenza
Influenza-Pandemieplan Schweiz
Piano pandemico svizzero
Completed
European Region United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2014 Pandemic influenza response plan
Region of the Americas United States of America 2017 Pandemic Influenza Plan-2017 Update Completed Completed