National Action Plan for Health Security (NAPHS)

National Action Planning for Health Security (NAPHS) is a country owned, multi-year, planning process that can accelerate the implementation of IHR core capacities, and is based on a One Health for all-hazards, whole-of-government approach. It captures national priorities for health security, brings sectors together, identifies partners and allocates resources for health security capacity development.  Since 2016, WHO has been working closely with many countries and its partners to support the development of NAPHS. The WHO secretariat developed the NAPHS framework to consolidate technical guidance to countries for the development and implementation capturing feedback from countries, regions and partners. It provides guidance to identify evidence-based priority actions that can be implemented quickly to have immediate impact as well as the long-term actions for sustainable capacity development to improve health security.

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NAPHS: Key components

The NAPHS Framework is intended as a flexible, 3-step approach to help countries organize, develop and implement a planor planning processthat addresses critical aspects of health security.

Step 1 - Inception: Consists of a desktop review of all existing national plans and capacity assessments, stakeholder analysis, SWOT analysis and prioritization of technical areas of action.

Step 2 - Development: Consists of identification and prioritization of activities within the technical areas based on risk assessment, monitoring and evaluation framework, detailed costing of activities, mapping resources and endorsement of the plan.

Step 3 - Implementation: Consists of reprioritization of the plan for operations based on resource mapping; integration into national health sector planning; monitoring, evaluation and reporting; and updating of the plan periodically. This step leads into implementation of the plan and continued mobilization of additional resources for the implementation as well as monitoring and evaluation and reporting. 

National Action Plan for Health Security (NAPHS) Map

Guiding Principles of the National Action Plan for Health Security

Key principles on developing effective and sustainable National Action Plan for Health Security


One Health for all-hazards, multisectoral planning for health security.


Country-led, dynamic, adaptable to country context, with WHO technical support.


Aligned with existing plans relevant to IHR (i.e., AMR, PPP, OHP) and integrated into the national health sector plan.