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Preconception, pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum care

Pregnancy complications

This section includes RHL summaries of published systematic reviews on various aspects of pregnancy and childbirth, including preconception care, management of miscarriage, antenatal care, medical problems in pregnancy, disorders that might affect the unborn baby, complications arising during pregnancy, the induction of labour, and the care of the mother and newborn during and immediately after childbirth.
Photo of a catheter

WHO recommendation on duration of bladder catheterization after surgical repair of simple obstetric urinary fistula

Pregnant woman sweeping the floor

WHO recommendation on birth preparedness and complication readiness

Prelabour rupture of membranes

Female doctor talking to pregnant woman sitting on bed in hospital

Amnioinfusion for third trimester preterm premature rupture of membranes

Bottles of antibiotics

Antibiotics for preterm rupture of membranes


WHO recommendation on the prophylactic antibiotic of choice in women with preterm prelabour rupture of membranes

Preterm birth

Ultrasound of multiple pregnancy

WHO recommendation on antenatal corticosteroid therapy for women at risk preterm birth with a single or multiple pregnancy

Antibiotics for injection

WHO recommendation on routine antibiotic administration for women in preterm labour with intact amniotic membranes

A newborn baby sleeps in an incubator.

WHO recommendation on surfactant replacement therapy for newborns with respiratory distress syndrome

Placenta previa

Interventions for suspected placenta praevia

Prolonged pregnancy

Induction of labour for improving birth outcomes for women at or beyond term

Infection during pregnancy

WHO recommendation on the method for diagnosing asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy

WHO recommendation on human deficiency virus and syphilis testing in pregnancy

Antibióticos para la bacteriuria asintomática en el embarazo