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Preconception, pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum care

Postpartum care

This section includes RHL summaries of published systematic reviews on various aspects of pregnancy and childbirth, including preconception care, management of miscarriage, antenatal care, medical problems in pregnancy, disorders that might affect the unborn baby, complications arising during pregnancy, the induction of labour, and the care of the mother and newborn during and immediately after childbirth.

WHO recommendation on the timing of cord clamping after vaginal birth

WHO recommendation on abdominal uterine tonus assessment for early identification of uterine atony

Mother and her newborn, Uganda

WHO recommendation on tranexamic acid for the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage

WHO recommendations on health systems and organization of care for the prevention and treatment of postpartum haemorrhage

WHO recommendation on the use of uterotonics for the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH)

Photo of intrauterine devices

Immediate postpartum insertion of intrauterine device for contraception

A mother is breastfeeding her baby.

Treatments for breast abscess in breastfeeding women

A young woman sitting holding her head with her hands.

Antidepressant treatment for postnatal depression

Woman giving birth in a health center, Sudan

Postpartum misoprostol for preventing maternal mortality and morbidity

Nepal. In a health care facility, a woman breastfeeds her child.

Extra fluids for breastfeeding mothers for increasing milk production

Mother and baby after delivery, Sri Lanka

Prophylactic interventions after delivery of placenta for reducing bleeding during the postnatal period

Woman expressing milk from her breast using a pump, Guatemala.

Methods of milk expression for lactating women

Photo of blood sample

Anti-D administration after childbirth for preventing Rhesus alloimmunisation

A health worker demonstrates family planning methods to women in a remote village in India.

Education for contraceptive use by women after childbirth

WHO recommendation on the use of fluid replacement for the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage

Mother lying on a hospital bed with her newborn, Uganda

Early postnatal discharge from hospital for healthy mothers and term infants

Premature baby breastfeeding

Interventions for promoting the initiation of breastfeeding

Mother and her newborn baby in a maternity ward, Mongolia.

Treatment for women with postpartum iron-deficiency anaemia

Walking woman with stroller

Psychosocial and psychological interventions for preventing postpartum depression

Postpartum haemorrhage

WHO recommendation on the use of ergometrine for the management of retained placenta

WHO recommendation on the use of prostaglandin E2 alpha for the management of retained placenta

WHO recommendation on the use of antibiotics for the manual removal of retained placenta