Topic Page

Preconception, pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum care

Medical problems during pregnancy

This section includes RHL summaries of published systematic reviews on various aspects of pregnancy and childbirth, including preconception care, management of miscarriage, antenatal care, medical problems in pregnancy, disorders that might affect the unborn baby, complications arising during pregnancy, the induction of labour, and the care of the mother and newborn during and immediately after childbirth.

WHO recommendation on antibiotics for asymptomatic bacteriuria

WHO recommendation on antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent recurrent urinary tract infections

WHO recommendation on the method for diagnosing asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy

WHO recommendation on the diagnosis of gestational diabetes in pregnancy

WHO recommendation on human deficiency virus and syphilis testing in pregnancy

WHO recommendation on tuberculosis testing in pregnancy

Magnesium Sulfate preparation for intravenous administration

WHO recommendation on magnesium sulfate regimen to prevent and treat eclampsia

Screening for gestational diabetes mellitus based on different risk profiles and settings for improving maternal and infant health

Close Up of woman pouring vitamin pills into her hand.

WHO recommendation regarding Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy

Vitamins tablets

WHO recommendation against vitamin C or vitamin E supplementation during pregnancy for the prevention of pre-eclampsia

A glass of water and capsules

Micronutrient supplementation in pregnant women with HIV infection

A HIV positive woman prepares to take her ARV medicine, Uganda.

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) for treating HIV infection in ART-eligible pregnant women

A health worker hands mineral tablets to a pregnant woman during a prenatal consultation, Sierra Leone

WHO recommendation on magnesium sulfate as the first line anticonvulsant in women with eclampsia

Pregnant woman at street market, Zambia.

WHO recommendation against salt restriction for the prevention of pre-eclampsia

Nurse taking blood pressure of a pregnant woman, Cambodia.

WHO recommendation against the use of diuretics for the prevention of pre-eclampsia during pregnancy

A skilled birth attendant checks a pregnant woman in a local clinic, Nepal.

WHO recommendation on the use of corticosteroids for treating HELLP syndrome

Mother and her newborn, Uganda

WHO recommendation on treatment for women with severe postpartum hypertension

Pregnant woman resting on her bed.

WHO recommendation regarding advice to rest at home as primary prevention of pre-eclampsia and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy

Pregnant woman resting on her bed.

WHO recommendation regarding strict bedrest in women with hypertension in pregnancy

In a labour ward, a doctor examines a pregnant woman before her delivery, Bangladesh

WHO recommendation on induction for the prevention of eclampsia in women with severe pre-eclampsia, a viable fetus and before 34 weeks of gestation

Pregnant woman drinking water while sitting on hospital bed

WHO recommendation on induction for the prevention of eclampsia in women with severe pre-eclampsia, a viable fetus and between 34 and 36 (plus 6 days) weeks of gestation

Pregnant woman receiving intravenous oxytocin.

WHO recommendation on induction for the prevention of eclampsia in women with severe pre-eclampsia when the fetus is not viable

Pregnant woman in labour lying on hospital bed.

WHO recommendation on induction for women with mild pre-eclampsia or mild gestational hypertension at term

Pregnant woman speaks to a doctor, Ethiopia

WHO recommendation on postpartum treatment of women treated with antihypertensive drugs antenatally

Pregnant woman at hospital

WHO recommendation on use of magnesium sulfate to prevent and treat eclampsia, where the full regimen cannot be administered

Tablets in hand

WHO recommendation on magnesium sulfate for the prevention of eclampsia in women with severe pre-eclampsia

A health worker takes the blood pressure of a pregnant woman.

WHO recommendation on induction for women with severe pre-eclampsia at term

A female health worker monitors the blood pressure of a pregnant woman in a Maternity Waiting Home, Mongolia.

WHO recommendation on antihypertensive drugs for women with severe hypertension during pregnancy

Pregnant woman speaks to a doctor, Ethiopia

WHO recommendation on choice and route of administration of antihypertensive drugs for women with severe hypertension during pregnancy

A pregnant woman learns about iron folic tablets as part of her antenatal care at a local health center, Bangladesh

WHO recommendation on timing of low-dose acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) for pre-eclampsia prevention in high-risk women

A health worker takes the blood pressure of a pregnant woman.

WHO recommendation on low-dose acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) for pre-eclampsia prevention in high-risk women

Anaemia during pregnancy

WHO recommendation on intermittent oral iron and folic acid supplementation

WHO recommendation on daily oral iron and folic acid supplementation

WHO recommendation on the method for diagnosing anaemia in pregnancy

Hypertension during pregnancy

Magnesium Sulfate preparation for intravenous administration

WHO recommendation on magnesium sulfate regimen to prevent and treat eclampsia

Close Up of woman pouring vitamin pills into her hand.

WHO recommendation regarding Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy

Vitamins tablets

WHO recommendation against vitamin C or vitamin E supplementation during pregnancy for the prevention of pre-eclampsia