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Preconception, pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum care

Induction of labour

This section includes RHL summaries of published systematic reviews on various aspects of pregnancy and childbirth, including preconception care, management of miscarriage, antenatal care, medical problems in pregnancy, disorders that might affect the unborn baby, complications arising during pregnancy, the induction of labour, and the care of the mother and newborn during and immediately after childbirth.
Woman in labour stretching her back while seated on the edge of the bed.

Oral misoprostol for induction of labour

A health worker is measuring sugar level of a patient.

Induction of labour in women with gestational diabetes

Pregnant woman receiving intravenous oxytocin.

Methods of term labour induction for women with a previous cesarean section

A doctor examines a pregnant woman before her delivery, Bangladesh.

Induction of labour in women at or beyond term

A nurse times the contractions of a woman in labour in health center, Uzbekistan

High-dose versus low-dose oxytocin infusion regimens for induction of labour at term

A mother with her two 6 month old twins

Elective birth at 37 weeks’ gestation for women with an uncomplicated twin pregnancy

Prenatal care and test: woman getting an ultrasound done by a doctor

Outpatient versus inpatient induction of labour for improving birth outcomes

Newborn baby boy of 5 kg on a scale

Induction of labour for suspected fetal macrosomia

A pregnant woman in labour sits on the edge of a bed, Dominican Republic

Mechanical methods for induction of labour

Pregnant woman in a labour room, India

Misoprostol for cervical ripening and induction of labour

Pregnant woman receiving intravenous oxytocin.

WHO recommendation on induction of labour for women beyond 41 weeks of gestation

African pregnant woman waiting for doctor in a health center, Côte d Ivoire

WHO recommendation on induction of labour at gestational age less than 41 weeks.

Woman having blood sugar level tested.

WHO recommendation on induction of labour in women with gestational diabetes

Newborn baby boy of 5 kg on a scale

WHO recommendation on induction of labour at term for suspected fetal macrosomia

Close-up of pregnant woman holding belly.

WHO recommendation on induction of labour for women with prelabour rupture of membranes at term

A mother with her two 6 month old twins

WHO recommendation on induction of labour for women with an uncomplicated twin pregnancy at or near term

Pregnant woman receiving intravenous oxytocin.

WHO recommendation on use of intravenous oxytocin alone for induction of labour

Pregnant woman in labour lying on hospital bed.

WHO recommendation on use of oral misoprostol for induction of labour

Pregnant woman in a labour room, India

WHO recommendation on the use of vaginal misoprostol for induction of labour

Antenatal care visit, India

WHO recommendation on the use of misoprostol for induction of labour in women with previous caesarean section.

Two health workers prepare a woman for delivery in a delivery room, Niger.

WHO recommendation on use of low doses of vaginal prostaglandins for induction of labour

Pregnant woman receiving intravenous oxytocin.

WHO recommendation on use of balloon catheter plus oxytocin for induction of labour

Pregnant woman getting ultrasound, India

WHO recommendation on use of vaginal misoprostol for induction of labour in the third trimester, in women with a dead or an anomalous fetus

Pregnant woman lying on a hospital bed and being monitored

WHO recommendation on use of balloon catheter for induction of labour

A pregnant woman waits to go into a prenatal consultation, Sierra Leone

WHO recommendation on sweeping of membranes for reducing formal induction of labour

Close-up of a partograph

WHO recommendation on use of betamimetics for women with uterine hyperstimulation during induction of labour

Pregnant mothers who live in a free maternal home, Honduras

WHO recommendation on outpatient induction of labour

Woman on a delivery table in India.

Misoprostol for induction of labour to terminate pregnancy in the second or third trimester for women with a fetal anomaly or after intrauterine fetal death