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Preconception, pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum care

Disorders affecting the unborn baby

This section includes RHL summaries of published systematic reviews on various aspects of pregnancy and childbirth, including preconception care, management of miscarriage, antenatal care, medical problems in pregnancy, disorders that might affect the unborn baby, complications arising during pregnancy, the induction of labour, and the care of the mother and newborn during and immediately after childbirth.
A health worker performs an ultrasound scan on a pregnant woman in Senegal.

WHO Recommendation on the use of ultrasound before 24 weeks gestation

Pregnant woman getting ultrasound from doctor

Routine ultrasound in late pregnancy (after 24 weeks’ gestation)

A medical doctor performs an ultrasound scan on a pregnant woman in Rwanda.

Ultrasound for fetal assessment in early pregnancy

Close-up of an "obstetric tape" used to determine the size of the uterus and to monitor the development of the baby.

Symphysial fundal height (SFH) measurement in pregnancy for detecting abnormal fetal growth

A health worker uses ultrasound equipment during an antenatal examination, Chad.

Fetal assessment methods for improving neonatal and maternal outcomes in preterm prelabour rupture of membranes

A sample of amniotic fluid is taken from the uterus of a woman who is 20 weeks pregnant.

Amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling for prenatal diagnosis