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Preconception, pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum care

Care during childbirth

Care during labour - 2nd stage

This section includes RHL summaries of published systematic reviews on various aspects of pregnancy and childbirth, including preconception care, management of miscarriage, antenatal care, medical problems in pregnancy, disorders that might affect the unborn baby, complications arising during pregnancy, the induction of labour, and the care of the mother and newborn during and immediately after childbirth.
Woman in labour assisted by two health workers.

WHO recommendation on definition and duration of the second stage of labour

Husband talks to his wife as she sits in a birthing pool during labour.

WHO recommendation on birth position (for women without epidural analgesia)

WHO recommendation on birth position (for women with epidural analgesia)

WHO recommendation on method of pushing

Pregnant woman in labour.

WHO recommendation on method of pushing (for women with epidural analgesia)

WHO recommendation on techniques for preventing perineal trauma during labour