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Preconception, pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum care

Antenatal care

This section includes RHL summaries of published systematic reviews on various aspects of pregnancy and childbirth, including preconception care, management of miscarriage, antenatal care, medical problems in pregnancy, disorders that might affect the unborn baby, complications arising during pregnancy, the induction of labour, and the care of the mother and newborn during and immediately after childbirth.
A health worker performs an ultrasound scan on a pregnant woman in Senegal.

WHO Recommendation on the use of ultrasound before 24 weeks gestation

A maternal and child health aide explains to a young pregnant woman the dosage schedule for her iron supplements

WHO recommendation on intermittent oral iron and folic acid supplementation in pregnant women

A health worker instructs a pregnant pregnant on how to take iron and folic acid supplements

WHO Recommendation on daily oral iron and folic acid supplementation in pregnant women

A health worker examines a pregnant woman, Cuba.

Traditional birth attendant (TBA) training for improving health behaviours and pregnancy outcomes

An expectant mother in Mongolia, receives an ultrasound exam at a regional centre for diagnostic and medical treatment.

Specialized antenatal care clinics for women with a pregnancy at high risk of preterm birth (excluding multiple pregnancy) to improve maternal and infant outcomes

Pregnant woman in Bangladesh at an antenatal care visit.

Alternative packages of antenatal care for low-risk pregnant women

Senegal, a pregnant woman is immunized against maternal and neonatal tetanus at a health center.

Vaccines for women for preventing neonatal tetanus

Pregnant woman undergoing cardiotocography

Antenatal cardiotocography for fetal assessment

Hand holding a blood sample.

Anti-d administration in pregnancy for preventing rhesus alloimmunisation

Pregnant women in the waiting room of an antenatal clinic in Cuba.

Group versus conventional antenatal care for women

Bottle of antibiotics

Antibiotic prophylaxis during the second and third trimester to reduce adverse pregnancy outcomes and morbidity

Image of a counsellor holding hands of a woman after an incident of spousal abuse.

Interventions for preventing or reducing domestic violence against pregnant women

Woman using an inhaler to treat an asthma attack.

Interventions for managing asthma in pregnancy

Intrapartum antibiotics for known maternal Group B streptococcal colonization

Fetal movement counting for assessment of fetal wellbeing

A pregnant woman lying on hospital bed

Hospitalisation and bed rest for multiple pregnancy

A female doctor uses a foetal stethoscope during a routine prenatal check, Pakistan.

Fetal vibroacoustic stimulation for facilitation of tests of fetal wellbeing

Woman in labour lying on a hospital bed and being monitored.

Vibroacoustic stimulation for fetal assessment in labour in the presence of a nonreassuring fetal heart rate trace

Prenatal health education class for women in Sri Lanka

Antenatal breastfeeding education for increasing breastfeeding duration

Follow-up for improving psychological well-being for women after a miscarriage

Measurement of fundal height during a prenatal visit

Routine symphysis-fundal height measurement during pregnancy

Nutrition during pregnancy

A maternal and child health aide explains to a young pregnant woman the dosage schedule for her iron supplements

WHO recommendation on intermittent oral iron and folic acid supplementation in pregnant women

A health worker instructs a pregnant pregnant on how to take iron and folic acid supplements

WHO Recommendation on daily oral iron and folic acid supplementation in pregnant women

A maternal health aide explains to a pregnant adolescent the dosage schedule for her supplements.

Calcium supplementation during pregnancy for preventing hypertensive disorders and related problems