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Preconception, pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum care

This section includes RHL summaries of published systematic reviews on various aspects of pregnancy and childbirth, including preconception care, management of miscarriage, antenatal care, medical problems in pregnancy, disorders that might affect the unborn baby, complications arising during pregnancy, the induction of labour, and the care of the mother and newborn during and immediately after childbirth.

Miscarriage

Injection vaccine closeup

Immunotherapy for recurrent miscarriage

A mother and her newborn baby, Nepal

Prevention of recurrent miscarriage for women with antiphospholipid antibody or lupus anticoagulant

A young woman is aided by her mother and a nurse as she goes into early labour and miscarries her baby.

Expectant care versus surgical treatment for miscarriage

Antenatal care

WHO Recommendation on the use of ultrasound before 24 weeks gestation

WHO Recommendation on daily oral iron and folic acid supplementation in pregnant women

WHO Recommendation on intermittent oral iron and folic acid supplementation in pregnant women

Medical problems during pregnancy

A glass of water and capsules

Micronutrient supplementation in pregnant women with HIV infection

A HIV positive woman prepares to take her ARV medicine, Uganda.

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) for treating HIV infection in ART-eligible pregnant women

Disorders affecting the unborn baby

WHO Recommendation on the use of ultrasound before 24 weeks gestation

Pregnant woman getting ultrasound from doctor

Routine ultrasound in late pregnancy (after 24 weeks’ gestation)

A health worker performs an ultrasound scan on a pregnant woman, Senegal.

Ultrasound for fetal assessment in early pregnancy

Induction of labour

Oral misoprostol for induction of labour

Induction of labour in women with gestational diabetes

Methods of term labour induction for women with a previous cesarean section

Postpartum care

Photo of intrauterine devices

Immediate postpartum insertion of intrauterine device for contraception

A mother is breastfeeding her baby.

Treatments for breast abscess in breastfeeding women

A young woman sitting holding her head with her hands.

Antidepressant treatment for postnatal depression