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HIV prevention

This section includes RHL summaries of published systematic reviews on HIV/AIDS. This includes information on the prevention of HIV through clinical, behavioral and social interventions. It also includes RHL summaries on the management of HIV, including the use of antiretroviral drugs and adjuvant therapies, promoting treatment adherence, and managing HIV/AIDS-related complications.

WHO recommendation on pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention

Behavioural interventions to reduce the transmission of HIV infection among sex workers and their clients in low- and middle-income countries

A woman receives medication at a clinic pharmacy, India.

Behavioural interventions to promote condom use among women living with HIV

Pop-up testing caravan in Australia.

Social marketing interventions to increase HIV/STI testing uptake among men who have sex with men and male-to-female transgender women

A young woman receives a rapid syphilis test, Mongolia.

Population-based biomedical sexually transmitted infection control interventions for reducing HIV infection

A mobile clinic for Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision (VMMC)

Male circumcision for prevention of heterosexual acquisition of HIV in men

HIV positive mother with her baby who is HIV-free, Uganda.

Interventions for preventing late postnatal mother-to-child transmission of HIV

ARV pills

Antiretrovirals for reducing the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection

A midwife assists a 20 year old woman during labour in a health centre, Uganda.

Vaginal disinfection for preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection

Woman in a clinic waiting room, Mozambique

Nonoxynol-9 for preventing vaginal acquisition of HIV infection by women from men

A woman, 23,  discusses her HIV-positive status with members of the community, she works with a Special Youth Project and raises awareness about HIV/AIDs and sexual violence,  Papua New Guinea

HIV sexual risk-reduction interventions for youth: a review and methodological critique of randomized controlled trials

Members of a youth program watching a video on sexually transmitted infections, Kenya

Interventions to prevent HIV/AIDS among adolescents in less developed countries: are they effective?