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Fertility regulation


This section includes RHL summaries of published systematic reviews evaluating male and female methods of contraception (including emergency contraception), and clinical methods of induced abortion.
Doctors perform a vasectomy on a man, Uganda.

Vasectomy occlusion techniques for male sterilization

Photo of intrauterine devices

Immediate postpartum insertion of intrauterine device for contraception

Female doctor discussing birth control pills with patient.

Combined Oral Contraceptives and venous thrombosis

Condom usage demonstration at a clinic in South Africa.

Behavioural interventions for improving condom use for dual protection

A couple attending a family planning counseling session in Nigeria.

Strategies for communicating contraceptive effectiveness

Pills in a calendar pack

Strategies to improve adherence and acceptability of hormonal methods of contraception

Photo of an intrauterine device

Hormonal and intrauterine methods for contraception for women aged 25 years and younger

 Ultrasounds showing uterine fibroid.

Progestogens or progestogen-releasing intrauterine systems for uterine fibroids

Arm X-ray

Steroidal contraceptives and bone fractures in women: evidence from observational studies

Close-up of a Copper-T IUD

Strategies for improving the acceptability and acceptance of the copper intrauterine device

Close-up of hand holding a condom.

Non-latex versus latex male condoms for contraception

Emergency contraceptive pills

Interventions for emergency contraception

Woman's feet on bathroom scale

Progestin-only contraceptives: effects on weight

Young female students discussing family planning and sex education as part of an outreach programme in Uganda.

Theory-based interventions for contraception

A mother embraces her daughter,16, who sits on a stool outside their home in a slum area of Brazil.  Her daughter is pregnant with her third child.

Interventions for preventing unintended pregnancies among adolescents

Tablet of morning after pill

Repeated use of pre- and postcoital hormonal contraception for prevention of pregnancy

A doctor in India explains to a couple how to use the emergency contraceptive pill

Advance provision of emergency contraception for pregnancy prevention

A midwife in Madagascar injects a client with Depo-Provera, a long-acting reversible contraceptive method

Combination injectable contraceptives for contraception

Endoscopic surgery

Minilaparotomy and endoscopic techniques for tubal sterilization

Mother breastfeeding her baby, Russia.

Combined hormonal versus nonhormonal versus progestin-only contraception in lactation

A service provider removes an expired contraceptive implant from a client's arm, Nigeria.

Subdermal implantable contraceptives versus other forms of reversible contraceptives or other implants as effective methods of preventing pregnancy

Image of an injectable contraceptive.

Depot-medroxyprogesterone versus norethisterone enantate for long-acting progestogenic contraception

Instruments set for IUD insertion.

Antibiotic prophylaxis for intrauterine contraceptive device insertion

Blister packs of contraceptive pills.

Progestogens in combined oral contraceptives for contraception

In a surgical room, a doctor is about to insert an IUD.

Immediate postabortion insertion of intrauterine devices

 A health worker presents an IUD to a patient.

Copper-containing, framed intrauterine devices for contraception