On 22 May 2017 on the first day of the Seventieth World Health Assembly in Geneva, Brazil became the first country to make SMART commitments as part of the United Nations (UN) Decade of Action on Nutrition 2016–2025. Sr Ricardo Barros, Minister of Health of Brazil, announced three commitments related to obesity during a meeting with Dr Carissa Etienne, Regional Director for WHO in the Americas and Dr Oleg Chestnov, WHO’s Assistant Director-General for Noncommunicable Diseases.
On 10 October 2017 during the 44th Committee on World Food Security (CFS) in Rome, Brazil further expanded on the SMART commitments when Mr Caio Rocha, Secretary of Food and Nutrition Security of the Ministry of Social Development of Brazil, announced another 35 commitments covering all the action areas of the UN Decade of Action on Nutrition. The full set of 38 commitments align with the 2nd National Food and Nutrition Security Plan (PLANSAN 2016-2019). The Brazilian Nutrition and Food Systems Agenda is based on the principles of ensuring Food and Nutrition Security and the realization of the Human Right to Adequate Food (HRAF), this being a right that has been laid down in the Brazilian Constitution since the year 2010.