Industrially produced trans-fatty acids (TFA) cause heart disease and death. They are not necessary in food and can be eliminated. Industrially produced TFA are used in baked and fried foods, pre-packaged snacks, and certain cooking oils and fats that are used at home, in restaurants or in street food. TFA in food are estimated to be responsible for more than half a million deaths around the world each year – mostly in low- and middle-income countries.
WHO monitors countries' progress in implementing legislative and other measures to reduce and eliminate industrially produced TFA and has developed the TFA Country Score Card to track countries’ performance on a continuous basis. The Score Card shows countries that have best-practice TFA policies, less restrictive TFA limits, other complementary measures, or a national policy commitment to eliminate TFA. The Score Card also shows countries that have adopted best-practice TFA policies that will come into effect at a later date, as well existence of monitoring mechanisms in countries with mandatory TFA limits.
Nearly one third of the world's population is currently protected by mandatory TFA limits
|Score||Countries||Number of countries|
|1. National policy commitment to eliminate TFA: National policies, strategies or action plans express a commitment to reduce industrially produced TFA in the food supply||Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cape Verde, Chad, Costa Rica, Czechia, Côte d'Ivoire, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Eswatini, Fiji, Finland, Ghana, Guatemala, Guyana, Indonesia, Jamaica, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Nigeria, North Macedonia, Papua New Guinea, Republic of Moldova, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Trinidad and Tobago, United Arab Emirates, West Bank and Gaza Strip, Zambia||50|
|2. Other complementary measures: Legislative or other measures have been adopted to encourage consumers to make healthier choices with regard to industrially produced TFA or mandatory limits on industrially produced TFA in foods in specific settings||Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, China, El Salvador, France, Georgia, Germany, Israel, Jordan, Lithuania, Mexico, Oman, Paraguay, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Spain, Sweden, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Uruguay||26|
|3. Less restrictive TFA limits: Legal measures have been adopted to limit industrially produced TFA in foods in all settings, but these are less restrictive than the recommended approach||Argentina, Armenia, Bahrain, Belarus, Colombia, Ecuador, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Peru, Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Switzerland, Uzbekistan||16|
|4. Best-practice TFA policies: Legislative measures have been adopted to limit industrially produced TFA in foods in all settings, and these are in line with the recommended approach||Austria, Canada, Chile, Denmark, Guam, Hungary, Iceland, Latvia, Northern Mariana Islands, Norway, Slovenia, South Africa, Thailand, United States of America||14|
|Best-practice TFA policy passed but not yet in effect||Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Uruguay||27|
|Monitoring mechanism for mandatory TFA limits||Argentina, Armenia, Austria, Belarus, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Denmark, Ecuador, Hungary, Iceland, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Norway, Peru, Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Slovenia, South Africa, Switzerland, Thailand, United States of America||25|
Detailed information on the specific policy measures in each country that contribute towards the achievement of the scores is available here.
Read more about WHO's work to support the elimination of industrially-produced trans fat in countries https://www.who.int/nutrition/topics/replace-transfat.