From January 2010 to December 2011, the Infant and Young Child Nutrition (IYCN) Project supported the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) and US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) partners in Ethiopia to improve maternal and child nutrition practices and increase HIV-free survival of children. Although Ethiopia has successfully integrated services for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV with antenatal care (ANC) services, many facility-based providers lack nutrition counseling skills and access to tools and materials to help them offer adequate support to mothers and children. The project worked with the Ethiopian government and partners to improve the quality of nutrition assessment, counseling, and support services in several communities in Addis, Oromia, and Amhara regions where the HIV prevalence rate is disproportionately high. This included developing behavior change communication tools and materials for health workers, health extension workers, and mothers’ support groups; updating the skills of agricultural extension workers to integrate nutrition education; and training health workers to better counsel mothers, particularly those who are HIV-positive, about optimal maternal, infant, and young child nutrition practices.
Behaviour change communication and/or counselling for improved complementary feeding was reported to the Global Nutrition Policy Review (GNPR) 2009-2010Trials for Improved Practices (TIPs) is a relatively new and innovative methodology for Ethiopia, especially its use in shaping critical strategies to improve IYCF behaviors. The standard approach to TIPs implementation involves three household visits. The purpose of the first visit is to learn about current household feeding practices. The second visit is a ―counseling visit,‖ which includes the negotiating of a new practice with the mother or caregiver for her to try. The third visit is a follow-up visit to check on the mother’s experience in implementing the recommended/negotiated new practice. This ―negotiation TIPs‖ is mainly used in maternal and infant feeding, and identifies the best choices among a number of different actions that could yield IYCF nutrition benefits.
Urban garden household participationFoods most frequently consumedHouseholds consuming at least four different food groups on a daily basis
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