Goals, objectives or targets related to nutrition:
The NATIONAL NUTRITIONAL HEALTH PROGRAMME (NNHP) has a general objective to improve the state of health of the whole population by acting on one of its major determinants, namely, nutrition.
Nine nutritional objectives which are priorities for publish health.
- To increase consumption of fruits and vegetables in order to reduce the number of “low consumers” of fruits and vegetables by at least 25%.
- To increase the consumption of calcium in order not to reduce by 25% the population having calcium intakes below the recommended nutritional level, also reducing by 25% the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency.
- To reduce the average contribution of total fat intakes to less than 35% of daily energy intake, with a reduction by a quarter in the population average consumption of saturated fatty acids (less than 35% of total fat intakes)
- To increase the consumption of carbohydrate so that they contribute more than 50% of daily energy intakes, by increasing the consumption of starchy carbohydrates, reducing current consumption of simple sugars by 25% and by increasing consumption of dietary fibre by 50%.
- To reduce alcohol intakes among those who consume alcoholic drinks. This intake should not be more than the equivalent of 20g of pure alcohol per day (two 10cl grasses of wine, two 25cl beers or 6cl of spirits). This objective is towards the general population and is in the nutritional context ( excessive contribution to energy intakes); it is not directed towards those people with chronic alcoholism who need to be taken care of specifically.
- To reduce the mean blood cholesterol level in the adult population by 5%.
- To reduce systolic blood pressure in adults by 10 mm of mercury.
- To reduce the prevalence of overweight and obesity (BMI > 25 kg/ ) in adults by 20% and to halt the increase, particularly notable in recent years, in the prevalence of obesity in children.
- To increase daily physical activity by an increase of 25% in the number of people doing the equivalent of at least half an hour of fast walking per day. Sedentariness, a risk factor for chronic illness, must be tackled in children.
Nine specific nutritional objectives
- To reduce iron deficiency during pregnancy.
- To improve the folate status of women of reproductive age, particularly in those planning pregnancy.
- To promote breastfeeding.
- To improve iron, calcium, and vitamin D status of children and adolescents.
- To improve calcium and vitamin D status of older people.
- Prevent, screen for and restrict malnutrition in older people.
- To reduce the frequency of vitamin and mineral deficiencies and malnutrition among disadvantaged people.
- To protect people following restrictive diets from vitamin and mineral deficiencies; take care of nutritional problems of people with eating disorders.
- To take the problem of food allergies into account.