Policy - National Nutrition Strategy 2011/12-2015/16

End date:
Published by:
The United Republic of Tanzania, Ministry of Health and Social Welfare
Published year:
Type of policy:
Comprehensive national nutrition policy, strategy or plan


Goals, objectives or targets related to nutrition: 


The goal of the Strategy is that all Tanzanians attain adequate nutritional status, which is an essential requirement for a healthy and productive nation. This will be achieved through policies, strategies, programs and partnerships that deliver evidence-based and cost-effective interventions to improve nutrition



 The targets to be achieved by 2015, are as follows:

  • Reduce the prevalence of underweight in children aged 0-59 months (weight-for-age z-score <-2 SD) from 16% 2010 to 11%*.
  • Reduce the prevalence of stunting in children aged 0-59 months (height-for-age z-score <-2 SD) from 42% 2010 to 27%*.
  • Prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding in children <6 months increased from 50 percent (2010) to 60 percent.
  • Sustainthe prevalence of wasting in children aged 0-59 months (weight-for-height z-score <-2 SD) below 5% at all times[1].
  • Sustain the prevalence of thinness (body mass index <18.5 kg/m2) among women of reproductive age below the 2005 prevalence of 10% at all times.
  • Reduce the prevalence of vitamin A deficiency among children aged 6-59 months (serum retinol levels <20 µg/dL) from 24% in 1997 to <15%.
  • Reduce the prevalence of anaemia (haemoglobin concentration <11 g/dl) among pregnant women from 48.4% in 2004/5 to 35%.
  • Reduce the prevalence of anaemia among children aged 6-59 months of age (haemoglobin concentration <11 g/dl) from 71.8% in 2004/5 to 55%.
  • Maintain the prevalence of iodine deficiency among children aged 6-12 years (urinary iodine concentrations <100 µg/l) at <50%.


Behavior change and service provision objectives

  • Increase the proportion of infants under six months who are exclusively breastfed from 41% to 60%.
  • Increase the proportion of infants aged 4-5 months who are breastfed exclusively from 13.5% to 25%.
  • Maintain the proportion of infants aged six to nine months who are fed solid foods in addition to breast milk at >90%.
  • Maintain the percentage of children aged 6-59 months who received a vitamin A supplement in the last six months at >90%.
  • Increase the proportion of women who receive a dose of vitamin A supplement within eight weeks of delivery from 20% to 40%.
  • Increase the proportion of mothers who take iron supplementation for more than 90 days during pregnancy and the post-partum period from 10% to 30%.
  • Increase the coverage of adequately iodized salt from 43% to 90%.

* Prevalence rate according to New WHO Child Growth Standards

[1]  The 5% target is less that the 2% target set in the NSGRP, as it is felt that the latter target is too ambitious.



WHO 2nd Global Nutrition Policy Review 2016-2017

Revision log

Sun, 03/10/2019 - 12:07engesveenkEdited by engesveenk.published
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