Policy - Early childhood development policy

Published by:
Ministry of Education
Published year:
Type of policy:
Health sector policy, strategy or plan with nutrition components


Goals, objectives or targets related to nutrition: 


Goal of ECD policy

To ensure all Rwandan children achieve their potential, are healthy, well-nourished and safe, and  their mothers, fathers and communities become nurturing caregivers through receiving integrated early childhood development services.


The ECD policy seeks to contribute:

1. To improve birth outcomes, reduce infant and maternal mortality and high fertility rates through the expanded use of family planning; pre-conception services; HIV prevention and care services and antenatal education; health and nutrition care services; and the increased use of medically attended births as well as improved neonatal care.

2. To improve parents’ and legal guardians’ knowledge, skills and resources to support the development of their children, with an emphasis on infants and children up to 6 years of age.

3. To ensure infants and toddlers receive nurturing care and developmental services, and that young children from 3 years to primary school entry are well developed and prepared for success in school and life.

4. To prevent and reduce stunted growth, and improve child development outcomes for the most vulnerable children and children with special needs.

5. To reduce malnutrition and children under-5 child mortality and morbidity through preventive measures and basic maternal-child health care and nutrition services, with emphasis on neonatal and post-natal care and maternal-child nutritional rehabilitation services.

6. To reduce the incidence of childhood illnesses and diseases due to unclean water, poor hygiene and unhygienic waste disposal.

7. To ensure that all new-borns are registered, the rights of all young children are respected, and orphans and vulnerable children from birth to 6 years are identified and receive quality, well-coordinated child protective services.

8. To provide comprehensive ECD services of high quality through developing culturally appropriate and state-of-the-art curricula, training manuals, educational materials, teaching aides, and pre-and in-service training for teachers, community facilitators and supervisors of ECD programmes and services.

9. To ensure that all children are ready to begin school at the correct age and this may entail the special provision of rapid school readiness programmes.

10. To support the coordination, monitoring and evaluation of all processes, programmes and services related to ECD, and to promote the preparation of research studies on key child development issues.

11. To sensitise local authorities, opinion leaders, parents, communities and journalists about the importance of children’s early development, ECD Policy provisions, and their roles in assisting with planning, implementing, and overseeing essential children’s services.


WHO 2nd Global Nutrition Policy Review 2016-2017

Revision log

Mon, 02/19/2018 - 14:38engesveenkPolicy moderated by engesveenk.published
Thu, 09/01/2016 - 17:16engesveenkPolicy moderated by engesveenk.published
Fri, 07/08/2016 - 02:53engesveenkPolicy moderated by engesveenk.published
Mon, 08/11/2014 - 15:43velizpEdited by velizp. Updateneeds_review
Tue, 07/15/2014 - 14:54velizpEdited by velizp. Policy needed to be updatedrequest_for_correction
Fri, 07/11/2014 - 16:58velizpEdited by velizp. This section needed to be updateddraft