2. THE FOOD AND NUTRITION POLICY
2.4.1 creating a mechanism to ensure that the entire food chain, from food production to consumption, is efficiently managed within the overall development strategy; through building capacities at all levels (households, communities, local councils, sub-counties, district levels) for adequate action to improve household food security;
2.4.2 establishing the UFNC as a statutory body that will co-ordinate food and nutrition programmes at the national level;
2.4.3 integrating food and nutrition issues at local governments and lower administrative units;
2.4.4 applying the life-cycle of poverty and malnutrition approach in developing nutrition and health strategies and action plans;
2.4.5 developing appropriate nutrition curricula and training materials for the education and training of different development workers in formal institutions and at the local level;
2.4.6 mobilising resources to support food and nutrition programmes at the national and local levels;
2.4.7 enforcing regulations that safeguard the health of personnel handling agricultural inputs and by-products, as well as third parties likely to be affected;
2.4.8 enforcing environmental protection regulations that apply to the food chain;
2.4.9 supporting, promoting and guiding the establishment of national food reserves;
2.4.10 formulating and/or reviewing policies, guidelines, legislation, regulations and standards relating to food and nutrition;
2.4.11 establishing a national food and nutrition training centre;
2.4.12 developing human resources that will provide professional guidance in food and nutrition at the centre and throughout the districts; and
2.4.13 collaborating with line ministries and government departments, local and international Non-Government Organisations (NGOs) and the private sector in the implementation of the policy.
This goal and these objectives shall be realised through:
(i) establishing and strengthening community-based systems for implementing nutrition interventions;
(ii) creating awareness and mobilising communities for better nutrition at all levels;
(iii) developing and maintaining an effective and efficient nutrition monitoring system;
(iv) encouraging improvement in the quality of diets for mothers during their reproductive period;
(v) developing nutrition communication strategies to facilitate behavioural change for better nutrition practices in the community;
(vi) instituting measures that will enable mothers to continue breast-feeding during early post-partum period and at places of work including protection of maternity leave.
(vii) making legislation and enforcement for regulations for marketing of breast milk substitutes and iodised salt.
(viii) promoting the use of local produce in manufacturing appropriate weaning foods;
(ix) disseminating information on prevention, early detection and control of chronic non-communicable nutrition-related disorders;
(x) developing and maintaining a nutrition data bank for planning, monitoring and surveillance;
(xi) developing and implementing specific intervention programmes for the control of common macro- and micro-nutrient deficiencies;
(xii) providing food and micro-nutrients supplementation to the most vulnerable population groups;
(xiii) fortifying some commonly-used foods with recommended micro-nutrients;
(xiv) incorporating nutrition management in the care of HIV/AIDS patients; and
(xv) providing effective therapeutic feeding for sick and malnourished children.
3.10 Gender, Food and Nutrition
(i) ensuring availability and access to an adequate and nutritious diet throughout a person’s life;
(ii) ensuring that employers and employees in both public and private sectors comply with maternity leave laws; and
(iii) encouraging the provision of facilities for breast-feeding and care of infants at places of work and in the community.
(iv) ensuring that employees get adequate meals at places of work
3.11 Food, Nutrition and Surveillance
This goal and these objectives shall be achieved through:
(i) establishing sentinel sites for the collection of data on food and nutrition;
(ii) training relevant personnel and communities in data management for improving their food and nutrition situation;
(iii) publishing and disseminating regular reports on the food and nutrition situation at all levels;
(iv) providing timely information on food and nutrition for rational decision-making at all levels;
(v) establishing a co-ordinated national food and nutrition information network; and
(vi) maintaining an effective weather monitoring system covering sub-county, district and national levels.