5.2 Objectives, Strategies, and Strategic Interventions
Objective 1: Improve access to and utilisation of services related to maternal, infant, and young child nutrition
Strategy 1.1: Promote access and utilisation of nutrition and health services to all women of reproductive age, infants, and young children.
1) Promote and support health and nutrition education to increase the level of awareness of good nutrition.
2) Promote integration of nutrition services in all routine and outreach health services and programmes targeting children and mothers.
3) Manage nutrition for sick children, pregnant and lactating mothers, and other women of reproductive age.
4) Integrate the management of severe and moderate acute malnutrition into routine health services.
5) Promote utilisation of antenatal and postnatal care services among all pregnant and lactating mothers to monitor child growth, and the health and nutrition status of both the mother and the child.
6) Promote and support breastfeeding policies, programmes, and initiatives.
7) Promote and support appropriate complementary feeding practices.
8) Support and scale up community-based nutrition initiatives.
9) Promote proper food handling, hygiene, and sanitation through increased knowledge, use of safe water, and hand washing practices at household level.
Strategy 1.2: Address gender and socio-cultural issues that affect maternal, infant, and young child nutrition.
1) Promote male involvement in family health services and in food security and nutrition programmes.
2) Advocate and seek solutions for reducing workload for all women, especially pregnant women and lactating mothers.
3) Address detrimental food taboos and norms that impair nutrition of women, infants, and young children.
Objective 2: Enhance consumption of diverse diets
Strategy 2.1: Increase access and use of diverse nutritious foods at household level
1) Promote production and consumption of diversified nutritious foods at household and community levels.
2) Advocate for and support integration of nutrition in agricultural programmes at national and local government levels.
3) Increase consumption of both raw and processed nutritious foods.
4) Promote and support local food processing and value addition at household and community levels.
5) Promote and support the utilisation of safe labour-saving technologies at household and community levels.
6) Support on farm enterprise mix to promote stable diversified food production.
7) Promote production and consumption of indigenous foods to enhance diet diversification.
8) Promote positive indigenous dietary practices.
Strategy 2.2: Enhance post-harvest handling, storage, and utilisation of nutritious foods at household and farm levels.
1) Promote and support adoption of post-harvest handling and storage technologies at household and community levels.
2) Provide an enabling environment to the private sector to manufacture, market, and distribute appropriate post-harvest handling and storage technologies.
Strategy 2.3: Promote the consumption of nutrient-enhanced foods.
1) Promote production of fortified common staples by local manufacturers.
2) Promote production of bio-fortified varieties.
3) Promote consumption of nutrient-enhanced foods through increased awareness of their benefits.
4) Support local production of ready-to-use therapeutic and complementary food.
Objective 3: Protect households from the impact of shocks and other vulnerabilities that affect their nutritional status.
Strategy 3.1: Develop preparedness plans for shocks.
1) Strengthen and scale up early warning systems on food and nutrition information from community to national levels.
2) Support and promote urban farming to serve the most vulnerable households in urban areas.
3) Develop, promote, and implement in a timely fashion a comprehensive package of nutrition services and food items to provide during emergencies and recovery periods.
4) Make integration of nutrition in all disaster management programmes mandatory.
5) Promote and support diversified production of drought-resistant crops including vegetables and raising of animals tolerant to heat stress at household and community levels.
6) Carry out sensitisation programmes for communities to raise their awareness of prevention, mitigation, and response to risks of malnutrition during shocks.
Strategy 3.2: Promote social protection interventions for improved nutrition.
1) Provide social transfers to and support livelihoods for the most vulnerable households and communities.
2) Develop and implement programmes for special social assistance and for livelihood promotion and protection in areas with high levels of malnutrition.
3) Advocate for and promote school feeding programmes.
4) Manage cases of SAM by integrating care into routine health services and providing follow-up support and monitoring at household and community levels.
5) Promote social protection interventions for improved nutrition.
Objective 4: Strengthen the policy, legal, and institutional frameworks and the capacity to effectively plan, implement, monitor, and evaluate nutrition programmes.
Strategy 4.1: Strengthen the policy and legal framework for coordinating, planning, and monitoring nutrition activities.
1) Fast-track enactment of the Food and Nutrition Bill, which will provide the statutory mechanism for establishing the FNC and its secretariat.
2) Revitalise and legalise the functionality of the FNC and establish its secretariat/coordinating unit.
3) Review the Food and Nutrition Policy to integrate emerging issues.
4) Revise the draft Uganda Food and Nutrition Strategy to align it with the prevailing national, regional, and global nutrition agenda and disseminate the Strategy widely.
5) Advocate for the enactment of bylaws and ordinances that promote nutrition and food security at district and sub-county levels.
6) Integrate nutrition issues into plans and budgets at all levels of governments by mainstreaming nutrition and creating vote functions for nutrition.
7) Support the development of nutrition curricula for all levels of education and training.
8) Advocate for establishment of lower and middle cadre nutrition courses in the education structure.
9) Review and integrate nutrition issues in the existing curricula of formal and non-formal education and in pre- and in- service training.
Strategy 4.2: Strengthen and harmonise the institutional framework for nutrition from local to central government levels.
1) Review the country’s current institutional framework for nutrition and implement a suitable one.
2) Establish an interim multi-sectoral coordination mechanism for nutrition programming and M&E.
3) Strengthen human resource capacity for nutrition programming at all levels in all sectors.
Strategy 4.3: Strengthen human resource capacity to plan, implement, monitor, and evaluate food and nutrition programmes in the country.
1) Design and implement a capacity-strengthening plan for nutrition programming at national, local government, and community levels.
2) Establish a food and nutrition M&E system for tracking performance of nutrition indicators and for timely decision-making.
3) Conduct a national food and nutrition baseline survey to establish up-to date nutrition baseline monitoring indicators.
4) Conduct periodic district-level food and nutrition surveys in vulnerable areas and among vulnerable populations.
5) Undertake mid-term and end-of-term impact evaluation of the UNAP.
6) Strengthen district-level food and nutrition surveillance systems.
Strategy 4.4: Enhance operational research for nutrition.
1) Conduct formative research studies on best practices for nutrition.
2) Research, document, and disseminate findings on positive indigenous dietary practices.
3) Compile food composition data for all foods consumed in Uganda.
4) Identify and conduct research relevant to scaling up food and nutrition interventions.
5) Collate and share research findings and best practices for scaling up food and nutrition in Uganda.
Objective 5: Create awareness of and maintain national interest in and commitment to improving and supporting nutrition programmes in the country.
Strategy 5.1: Increase awareness of and commitment to addressing nutrition issues in the country.
1) Develop and implement a nutrition communication strategy.
2) Produce annual policy statements and periodic policy briefs on the national food security and nutrition situation.
3) Commemorate nutrition-related events and take advantage of other opportunities to raise the profile of nutrition.
Strategy 5.2: Advocate for increased commitment to improving nutrition outcomes.
1) Develop and implement a nutrition communication strategy.
2) Develop and implement a comprehensive and sustainable nutrition advocacy plan.
3) Produce and publish an annual report on the state of the food security and nutrition situation in the country.