These programmes and actions were reported by countries for the 2nd WHO Global Nutrition Policy Review 2016-2017 module on actions related to school health and nutrition programmes. Programme objectives: reduce or prevent child undernutrition (stunting, wasting, micronutrient deficiencies); reduce or prevent childhood overweight or obesity; foster healthy diet and lifestyle habits; educate children and improve knowledge about healthy diet and lifestyle habits; improve school attendance; improve academic performance; reduce food insecurity and hunger. Components of the school health and nutrition programme include: training of school staff on nutrition; standards or rules for foods and beverages available in schools; hygienic cooking facilities and clean eating environment in schools; provision of school meals/school feeding programme; school fruit and vegetable scheme; school milk scheme; extracurricular nutrition education; monitoring of children's growth; adequate sanitation and hygiene facilities in schools.
WHO (2018) Global Nutrition Policy Review. Country progress in creating enabling policy environments for promoting healthy diets and nutrition
The Global Nutrition Policy Review 2016–2017 is the report of the second comprehensive analysis of nutrition-related policy environment, coordination mechanisms, available capacities and actions being taken in 176 Member States (91%) and one area which responded to the survey carried out between July 2016 and December 2017.
All children in the targeted schools are eligible to receive school meals or participate in the school feeding programme. School meals are paid for by the parent so some children go home for lunch, especially in rural areas. Menus are decided following national food-based dietary guidelines. At the regional or national level, menus are decided by a nutritionist or other health worker. At the local or municipal level, menus are decided by a health worker. At the school level, menus are decided by a health worker. Fruits and vegetables are part of the menu daily. Food is procured domestically.