These programmes and actions were reported by countries for the 2nd WHO Global Nutrition Policy Review 2016-2017 module on actions related to school health and nutrition programmes. Programme objectives: reduce or prevent child undernutrition (stunting, wasting, micronutrient deficiencies); reduce or prevent childhood overweight or obesity; foster healthy diet and lifestyle habits; educate children and improve knowledge about healthy diet and lifestyle habits; improve school attendance; improve academic performance. Components of the school health and nutrition programme include: training of school staff on nutrition; standards or rules for foods and beverages available in schools; ban on vending machines in schools; hygienic cooking facilities and clean eating environment in schools; provision of school meals/school feeding programme; school fruit and vegetable scheme; school milk scheme; nutrition education included in school curriculum; physical education in school curriculum; standards for marketing of food and non-alcoholic beverages to children in school setting.
WHO (2018) Global Nutrition Policy Review. Country progress in creating enabling policy environments for promoting healthy diets and nutrition
The Global Nutrition Policy Review 2016–2017 is the report of the second comprehensive analysis of nutrition-related policy environment, coordination mechanisms, available capacities and actions being taken in 176 Member States (91%) and one area which responded to the survey carried out between July 2016 and December 2017.
Nutrition education curriculum includes: lessons on healthy diet to prevent undernutrition; lessons on healthy diet to prevent overweight and obesity; lessons on the links between nutrition and health; hands-on gardening skills. Mandatory in all primary schools covered by this programme.