These programmes and actions were reported by countries for the 2nd WHO Global Nutrition Policy Review 2016-2017 module on actions related to school health and nutrition programmes. Programme objectives: reduce or prevent child undernutrition (stunting, wasting, micronutrient deficiencies); reduce or prevent childhood overweight or obesity; foster healthy diet and lifestyle habits; educate children and improve knowledge about healthy diet and lifestyle habits; improve academic performance. Components of the school health and nutrition programme include: standards or rules for foods and beverages available in schools; ban on vending machines in schools; hygienic cooking facilities and clean eating environment in schools; provision of school meals/school feeding programme; school fruit and vegetable scheme; school milk scheme; nutrition education included in school curriculum; extracurricular nutrition education; physical education in school curriculum; standards for marketing of food and non-alcoholic beverages to children in school setting; monitoring of children's growth; safe drinking water available free of charge; adequate sanitation and hygiene facilities in schools. School meal programmes have been implemented since 1960s with the school canteens nutrition standards available since 1987.
WHO (2018) Global Nutrition Policy Review. Country progress in creating enabling policy environments for promoting healthy diets and nutrition
Standards or rules apply to: foods and beverages served for lunch in school canteens/cafeterias, foods and beverages served at other mealtimes (e.g. breakfast, after-school services), Packed lunches and other foods or beverages brought from home, all foods and beverages being sold in school shops/stores including tuck shops and in vending machines, foods and beverages available at school events (e.g. sports days). Criteria to determine which foods are prohibited, limited or encouraged are based on specific foods and beverages, nutrient content.