These programmes and actions were reported by countries for the 2nd WHO Global Nutrition Policy Review 2016-2017 module on actions related to school health and nutrition programmes. Programme objectives: reduce or prevent child undernutrition (stunting, wasting, micronutrient deficiencies); reduce or prevent childhood overweight or obesity; foster healthy diet and lifestyle habits; educate children and improve knowledge about healthy diet and lifestyle habits; improve children’s skills (e.g. cooking, food hygiene); improve school enrolment; improve school attendance; improve academic performance; reduce food insecurity and hunger; support the agriculture sector by creating farm to school linkages (e.g. cereals, milk, fruit and vegetables supply). Components of the school health and nutrition programme include: training of school staff on nutrition; standards or rules for foods and beverages available in schools; hygienic cooking facilities and clean eating environment in schools; provision of school meals/school feeding programme; school milk scheme; nutrition education included in school curriculum; physical education in school curriculum; safe drinking water available free of charge; school gardens.
National School Feeding Programme is implemented as part of the social protection platform and as such students involved should get a free meal most days of the week. The Government provides these meals. Schools are free to provide meals where other students can benefit but they are required to pay. School meals are free for some children. Menus are decided according to minimum levels of specific nutrients (e.g. certain vitamins and minerals). At the regional or national level, menus are decided by a nutritionist. Fruits and vegetables are part of the menu 2-3 times per week. Food is procured domestically, locally.