These programmes and actions were reported by countries for the 2nd WHO Global Nutrition Policy Review 2016-2017 module on actions related to school health and nutrition programmes. Programme objectives: reduce or prevent childhood overweight or obesity; foster healthy diet and lifestyle habits; educate children and improve knowledge about healthy diet and lifestyle habits; reduce food insecurity and hunger. Components of the school health and nutrition programme include: training of school staff on nutrition; standards or rules for foods and beverages available in schools; ban on vending machines in schools; hygienic cooking facilities and clean eating environment in schools; provision of school meals/school feeding programme; school fruit and vegetable scheme; school milk scheme; nutrition education included in school curriculum; standards for marketing of food and non-alcoholic beverages to children in school setting; monitoring of children's growth; adequate sanitation and hygiene facilities in schools.
WHO (2018) Global Nutrition Policy Review. Country progress in creating enabling policy environments for promoting healthy diets and nutrition
The Global Nutrition Policy Review 2016–2017 is the report of the second comprehensive analysis of nutrition-related policy environment, coordination mechanisms, available capacities and actions being taken in 176 Member States (91%) and one area which responded to the survey carried out between July 2016 and December 2017.
All children in the targeted schools are eligible to receive school meals or participate in the school feeding programme. School meals are free for all children. Menus are decided following national food-based dietary guidelines, selecting menus based on lists of foods and beverages. At the regional or national level, menus are decided by a nutritionist or other health worker. Fruits and vegetables are part of the menu. Food is procured internationally, domestically.