These programmes and actions were reported by countries for the 2nd WHO Global Nutrition Policy Review 2016-2017 module on actions related to school health and nutrition programmes. Programme objectives: educate children and improve knowledge about healthy diet and lifestyle habits; improve school enrolment; improve school attendance; tackle health inequalities; reduce food insecurity and hunger. Components of the school health and nutrition programme include: training of school staff on nutrition; standards or rules for foods and beverages available in schools; hygienic cooking facilities and clean eating environment in schools; provision of school meals/school feeding programme; deworming; nutrition education included in school curriculum; extracurricular nutrition education; safe drinking water available free of charge; adequate sanitation and hygiene facilities in schools; school gardens.
WHO (2018) Global Nutrition Policy Review. Country progress in creating enabling policy environments for promoting healthy diets and nutrition
The Global Nutrition Policy Review 2016–2017 is the report of the second comprehensive analysis of nutrition-related policy environment, coordination mechanisms, available capacities and actions being taken in 176 Member States (91%) and one area which responded to the survey carried out between July 2016 and December 2017.
School Vegetable Gardening is considered an important complement to School Feeding programmes to older children /grade five. In school where cultivation areas or school laboratories exists, an enabling learning environment is created, teaching science, nutrition more relevant and effective for children while growing vegetables. It provides excellent learning opportunity for children from demonstration plot and take information home and replicate at their homestead and provisioning of more nutritional support. Enhanced vegetable production and consumption enables poor families to supplement micronutrient deficient in the diet. Children “Learning by doing “in school demo plots and make other also learn within the vicinity. They become more aware of seasonal vegetables and leafy greens, which are a good source of minerals and vitamins leading to appropriate nutrition and health.