These programmes and actions were reported by countries for the 2nd WHO Global Nutrition Policy Review 2016-2017 module on actions related to the prevention and treatment of acute malnutrition. More actions and programmes be accessed through the country page.
WHO (2018) Global Nutrition Policy Review. Country progress in creating enabling policy environments for promoting healthy diets and nutrition
The Global Nutrition Policy Review 2016–2017 is the report of the second comprehensive analysis of nutrition-related policy environment, coordination mechanisms, available capacities and actions being taken in 176 Member States (91%) and one area which responded to the survey carried out between July 2016 and December 2017.
Target groups: children 0-5 months with SAM, children 6-59 months with SAM, adolescents, adults. SAM is assessed among children 0-5 months by weight-for-length <-3Z score, bilateral pitting oedema, unable to breastfeed. SAM is assessed among children 6-59 months by weight-for-height or weight-for-length <-3Z score, mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) <115 mm, bilateral pitting oedema. Components of the SAM programme: inpatient treatment, outpatient treatment. Admission criteria for children 0-5 months with SAM to inpatient care: serious clinical condition or medical complications, recent weight loss or failure to gain weight, ineffective breastfeeding, any bilateral pitting oedema, less than minus 3 SD W/L. Admission criteria for children 6-59 months with SAM to inpatient care: medical complications, severe bilateral pitting oedema, poor appetite and/or breastfeeding problems. Discharge criteria: regained appetite and/or breastfeeding effectively, weight-for-height or weight-for-length ≥ –2 Z-score, MUAC ≥ 125 mm, no bilateral pitting oedema for at least 2 weeks.