Mechanisms - Canadian Food Inspection Agency

Lead government agency:
Canadian Food Inspection Agency
Established year:


  • Monitoring compliance
  • Public dissemination of monitoring results
  • Applying sanctions to identified violations
  • Public dissemination of sanctions applied
Created in 1997 by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency Act and reporting to the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food, the CFIAdelivers inspection and quarantine programs related to foods, plants and animals in 18 regions and 160 field offices across Canada.
Products that may be subject to inspection certification by the CFIA range from agricultural inputs, such as seeds, feeds and fertilizers, to fresh foods (including meat, fish, eggs, grains, dairy products, fruit and vegetables) and prepared and packaged foods.
The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is responsible for the enforcement of the Food and Drugs Act and its associated regulations with respect to foods. The CFIA will verify that the industry has implemented appropriate measures to meet regulatory requirements through oversight activities such as inspections, audits and/or sampling.



This monitoring mechanism was reported to the WHO Global Nutrition Policy Review 2016-2017. Country progress in creating enabling policy environments for promoting healthy diets and nutrition.

Revision log

Tue, 04/23/2019 - 16:42engesveenkEdited by engesveenk.published
Tue, 04/23/2019 - 16:40engesveenkEdited by engesveenk.published
Sat, 12/01/2018 - 00:16engesveenkBulk moderation state change.published