Action - Nutrition International - Senegal - Salt iodization - All population groups

Programme: Nutrition International - Senegal

Programme description

We consume iodine in our foods. When plants and animals are raised in areas with iodine-deficient soil, the diet for those people will be less healthy, resulting in populations suffering from iodine deficiency disorders (IDD).[1]  Iodine deficiency is a leading cause of mental impairment and therefore Iodine offers protection to the growing brain.[2]

In many middle to high income countries, the problem of iodine deficiency has largely been solved by adding iodine to salt, which then makes it into animal feed, breads, processed foods and salt shakers in homes around the world. Salt iodization is considered the most successful type of food fortification.[2] That said, in 2017, 1 billion people globally did not have access to iodized salt.[3]

Supporting efforts to achieve universal salt iodization (USI) is Nutrition International’s main strategy to help eliminate IDD. This means that all edible salt, for households, processed foods and animal salt, is adequately iodized based on how much the general population consumes. Nutrition International (NI) works in collaboration with the government of Senegal and partners to improve the legislative, policy and regulatory environments for salt iodization.  NI works with the salt industry to build its capacity to comply with regulations.  NI seeks to foster greater government ownership and commitment for USI programs to ensure long-term sustainability. 

The areas of NI support for Salt Iodization include:

1. Building the capacity of the government quality control authorities in effective monitoring, quality control and enforcement:

  • Helping the government in developing iodization standards harmonized with global best practices and drafting legislation and regulation for enforcement.
  • Strengthening and/or establishing quality control laboratories.
  • Strengthening border surveillance points in salt importing countries.
  • Facilitating the establishment of technical working groups.

2. Strengthening the capacity of small and medium-scale salt producers in the:

  • Improvement of the iodization process, technology and internal quality control.
  • Establishment of a market driven KIO3 procurement and supply system coupled with a viable cost recovery system through revolving fund mechanisms. 
  • Improvement in the industrial processes and technology including the up-gradation of salt plants.
  • Development of cooperatives and viable economic interest groups.

3. Contributing to the global evidence base and to the development of global standards and guidelines

4. Advocacy and Behaviour Change Interventions

This national-scale project is being implemented in partnership with Senegal’s Malnutrition Control Unit (CLM), Ministry of Trade (MoT) and Ministry of Health in Burkina Faso. NI began work with salt fortification in Senegal in the late 2000s and work is ongoing.

Programme type

National

References

  1. Zimmermann, M. B. (2011). Iodine deficiency disorders. Oxford Medicine Online. doi:10.1093/med/9780199235292.003.3109
  2. WHO.Guideline: fortification of food-grade salt with iodine for the prevention and control of iodine deficiency disorders. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2014. 
  3. UNICEF. (n.d.). UNICEF Data: Monitoring the Situation of Children and Women. Retrieved from http://data.unicef.org/topic/nutrition/iodine-deficiency/#

For more information: 

Status: 
On-going
Target group: 
All population groups

Revision log

DateUserLogState
Tue, 10/02/2018 - 16:21engesveenkEdited by GINAadminNI.published
Mon, 09/10/2018 - 22:28GINAadminNIEdited by GINAadminNI.delegated
Thu, 06/14/2018 - 13:51engesveenkEdited by engesveenk.delegated
Tue, 05/29/2018 - 21:40vhollaEdited by vholla.draft
Tue, 05/29/2018 - 21:35vhollaEdited by vholla.draft
Tue, 05/29/2018 - 21:34vhollaAction created by vholla.draft