The final Pillar of the Decade of Action on Nutrition includes permanent monitoring of the achievement of global targets for food and nutrition and CNCD control and prevention; creation of policies and legislation and programme implementation. The Recommendations linked to this Pillar place priority on two aspects. The first aspect addresses nutrition governance: the importance of developing national nutrition plans, aligning intersectoral policies with impact on nutrition through different ministries and agencies and the strengthening of legal frameworks and strategic potentialities for nutrition. The second aspect relates to collaboration between countries, such as North-North, South-South and triangular cooperation, as well as sharing information on nutrition, diet, technology, research, policies and programmes. In PLANSAN 2, each of these aspects is found in a Challenge. Governance-related strategies are provided for in Challenge 8 - Consolidate the implementation of the National Food and Nutrition Security System (SISAN), enhancing federative management, intersectorality and social participation. In addition to strengthening the components of the System, Challenge 8 has targets and actions relating to FNS research and extension, developing abilities for the Human Right to Adequate Food (HRAF), building instruments for HRAF demandability and the enhancement of the PNSAN monitoring and indicators system. The aspect relating to the importance of collaboration between countries, emphasized by Pillar 6, is found in PLANSAN 2 Challenge 9 - Support initiatives promoting food and nutrition sovereignty and security, the human right to adequate food and democratic, healthy and sustainable food systems on the international level, through dialogue and international cooperation. Recognition of HRAF as a human right encouraged Brazil to also promote food and nutrition security and sovereignty through international cooperation and dialogue. Law No. 11346/2006 is guided by the principle of HRAF and proposes that the Brazilian State should make efforts to promote technical cooperation with other countries, thus contributing to the strengthening of public food and nutrition security policies based on food sovereignty. Brazil has also insisted on the structuring of an FNS governance system and processes that prevents conflicts of interest in defining and implementing the public agenda.
Brazil’s commitments to consolidating Food and Nutrition Security governance and support for initiatives promoting sovereignty and the Human Right to Adequate Food on the international level:
35. Prepare the 3rd National Food and Nutrition Security Plan and support the holding of the 6th National Conference on Food and Nutrition Security.
36. Ensure the functioning of the National Food and Nutrition Security Council (CONSEA).
37. Work to implement the Plan of Action of the 2nd International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2), with emphasis on formulating and implementing the International Decade on Nutrition, aimed at international recognition and concerted efforts to address the multiple causes and consequences of malnutrition.
38. Strengthen and scale up mechanisms and actions of political dialogue and cooperation with Portuguese-speaking countries, both bilaterally and through the Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries (CPLP).