Action - GNPR 2016-2017: Promotion of healthy diet and prevention of obesity and diet-related NCDs (q12a) 食生活指針 [Dietary guidelines for Japanese ] - Food-based dietary guidelines

Programme: GNPR 2016-2017: Promotion of healthy diet and prevention of obesity and diet-related NCDs (q12a) 食生活指針 [Dietary guidelines for Japanese ]

Programme description

These programmes and actions were reported by countries for the 2nd WHO Global Nutrition Policy Review 2016-2017 module on actions related to healthy diets, overweight and diet-related NCDs. More actions and programmes reported can be accessed through the country page.

Programme type


The information has been retrieved from the FAO Food-based dietary guidelines website at

These FBDGs were also reported to the WHO (2018) Global Nutrition Policy Review. Country progress in creating enabling policy environments for promoting healthy diets and nutrition

The Global Nutrition Policy Review 2016–2017 is the report of the second comprehensive analysis of nutrition-related policy environment, coordination mechanisms, available capacities and actions being taken in 176 Member States (91%) and one area which responded to the survey carried out between July 2016 and December 2017.

Start date:

Implementation details : 

The `Japanese food guide spinning top´is designed to resemble the well-known traditional Japanese toy. It is a rotating inverted cone divided from the top down into food group layers that depict foods primarily in cooked form /dishes. The order of the food groups is given by the recommended daily servings. At the top there are grain-based dishes (rice, bread, noodles and pasta), followed by vegetable-based dishes (including salads, cooked vegetables and soups), and fish, eggs and meat dishes. At the bottom are milk and fruit. A person running on top of the gyrating spinning top represents the importance of doing physical activity regularly to enjoy good health. The guide also recommends drinking plenty of water or tea, and to moderate consumption of highly processed snacks, confectionery and sugar-sweetened beverages.

The food guide is accompanied by a chart that indicates the recommended daily servings for each food group and illustrated with examples of foods and dishes to meet the recommendations.

Publishing institution: Japan Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Food Safety and Consumer Affairs Bureau

PDF available at the FAO website at

Revision log

Sun, 01/15/2017 - 01:39engesveenkBulk moderation state change.published