• Offering services and counseling on nutrition for women at the reproductive age, during pregnancy, and postpartum
• Definition of national norms, dietical guidelines on women and young girls’ nutrition
• Strengthening nutrition services for women, included in prenatal and postnatal services integrated in the PHC basic package
• Establishing a set of national indicators to monitor mothers’ nutritional conditions (anemia, overweight, lack of iodine, iron, etc.)
• Defining protocols for women’s nutrition before conception, during pregnancy, and postpartum
• Training PHC staff on communication, information, education of the population on women’s nutrition, especially in prenatal/postnatal periods
Objective 2: Ensuring that every institution of health care for the mother and child offers effective and contemporary care for breastfeeding, implementing the 10 steps for successful breastfeeding
• Implementing and enforcing Albanian law on the protection and encouragement of breastfeeding
• Reviewing legislation on working pregnant mothers and after birth for supporting breastfeeding
• Encouraging all maternity services in regional hospitals to implement the WHO/UNICEF Initiative “Child Friendly Hospitals” on the 10 breastfeeding steps
• Establishing breastfeeding indicators in the system of monitoring and evaluating the work of health institutions of care for the mother and child
• Training health personnel on counseling for breastfeeding and gender issues related with it
• Accrediting health personnel on the basis of continued education curricula for managing lactation and breastfeeding
• Introducing curricula related to breastfeeding in medical schools for all categories of medical personnel (nurses, doctors, graduate)
• Forming support groups for breastfeeding mothers and counseling programs to help start and prolong breastfeeding
• Collecting breastfeeding data regarding the start, continuation of and exclusive breastfeeding through surveys, surveillance, and statistical programs.
Objective 3: Preventing malnutrition and deficits of micro-nutrients in early childhood
• Defining dietical guides on children according to needs by age and sex
• Preparing unified protocols on the regular follow-up of children’s growth and development by primary health care personnel
• Continuous monitoring and evaluation of children and pregnant women’s nutritional conditions
• Offering iron, folic acid, and iodine supplements to pregnant women and little children
• Drafting and implementing national programs on Information, Education, Communication about the importance of nutrition in child’s growth/development
• Training health care workers on nutrition and counseling on nutrition
• Including education on nutrition in school curricula.
Objective 4: Preventing overweight and obesity by ensuring health nutrition and necessary physical activity
• Drafting gender-sensitive depistation programs in schools for overweigh an dobese boys and girls
• Regulating legislation on the prohibition of unhealthy foods and drinks in daycare centers, kindergartens, schools, etc.
• Increasing opportunities for organizing physical activities in school curricula and extra-curricula
• Ensuring appropriate and safe premises for play and physical activities in communities
• Drafting national programs to promote healthy nutrition, physical activity, and equal opportunities for boys and girls
• Offering gender-sensitive health promotion and education to sensitize families and communities on healthy patterns of nutrition and physical activity
• Offering gender-sensitive specialized individual care and emotional support for overweight and obese children and adolescents
• Including gender-sensitive oral health education and prevention in child centers, daycare centers, kindergartens, etc.
• Training primary health care personnel on oral and dental health
• Early detection and treatment of dental caries and dental malocclusions.
Objective 1: Promoting adolescents’ health and well-being
• Developing policies to promote adolescent and youth health and well-being at the central and local government level
• Offering youth-friendly services in all 12 counties of the country free of charge
• Re-orienting existing primary health care services to be youth-friendly, including reproductive health services and those for preventing and controlling STD/HIV/AIDS, abuse of substances/smoking and the use of alcohol, healthy eating
• Adopting standards for quality services for youth in the PHC services package
• Educating adolescents with life skills, including gender-specific and culturally sensitive health information, through curricula in compulsory education
• Improving adolescents’ nutritional conditions, with special emphasis on meeting energy and micro-nutrient demands and needs, especially for iron and iodine by gender needs
Objective 6: Preventing overweight and obesity in youth
• Reviewing legislation on healthy nutrition for young ages in public places, restaurants, school cafeterias, etc.
• Including nutrition education in school curricula for young ages
• Increasing opportunities for physical activities in schools and communities by offering places for safe play and
• Integrating nutrition counseling and interventions in other national health programs and PHC services.
• Promoting programs for healthy nutrition and physical activity in adolescents
• Compulsory depistation on at school-entry age
• Offering individual care and support for overweight and obese adolescents.