5. Mortality due to cardiovascular disease in people under 65 years should be reduced by at least 20% between 2010 and 2020.
6. Between 2009 and 2020, improved nutrition should lead to a measurable decrease in anaemia, thyroid dysfunction, malnutrition and over-nutrition.
9. MDG 4 is the reduction of the under-five mortality rate by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015. This rate was 47.8 per 1,000 live births in 1990 and 20.6 per 1,000 in 2005 (source: Health in Uzbekistan - facts and figures, 2006). Therefore the Uzbek rate should be below 16.0‰ in 2015. An additional indicator for MDG 4 in Uzbekistan is the infant mortality rate.
10. The international MDG 5 is the reduction of the maternal mortality rate by three-quarters between 1990 and 2015. The maternal mortality rate was 65.3 per 100,000 live births in 1991, 34.1/100,000 in 2001, and 31.4/100,000 in 2004 (source: Ministry of Health of the RUz). The objective is a maternal mortality rate of below 163./100,000 in 2015
Existing short to medium term programmes (control of tobacco, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS, and the nutrition programme) will be evaluated before they expire, to be replaced by new programmes in the framework of the overall public health strategy.
Health promotion will receive more emphasis, especially regarding cardiovascular diseases, but also on nutrition and on the prevention of accidents and communicable diseases. Examples are the increased availability of healthy food (e.g. in canteens), the creation of sport facilities, the establishment of smoke-free zones, and decreasing the access to harmful substances.
Present health protection activities, such as sanitation, environmental control, food safety measures, and occupational safety & health measures will to a large extent continue as before. Examples are improved possibilities for physical exercise to combat cardiovascular disease, flour fortification, protection against passive smoking, and traffic and other safety measures.