Action - Community Nutrition Program (CNP) - Food distribution/supplementation for prevention of acute malnutrition - Infants and young children|Lactating women (LW)|Pregnant women (PW)|Preschool-age children (Pre-SAC)

Programme: Community Nutrition Program (CNP)

Programme description

The Community Nutrition Program (CNP) ran from 1995 – 2001. Services were provided at community nutrition centres (CNC) in target areas in poor urban and peri-urban areas. 

The programmes objectives were to: halt further deterioration in the nutritional status of the most vulnerable groups (children under three and PLW) in targeted poor urban neighbourhoods; provide potable water to under-serviced neighbourhoods targeted under the nutrition programme; and enhance household food security among the poor urban population and in targeted poor rural areas during critical periods of vulnerability.

Programme type

Large scale programmes


Intensity of Community health workers (CHWs) was about 1:124 households, i.e. 80:1000 households. Resource intensity was approximately US$ 40/household per year based on 6 months of participation for children.


WHO (2013) Essential Nutrition Actions – Improving maternal, newborn, infant and young child health and nutrition, which provides a compact of WHO guidance on nutrition interventions targeting the first 1000 days of life. Part I presents the interventions currently recommended by WHO, summarizes the rationale and the evidence, and describes the actions require to implement them. Part II provides an analysis of community-based interventions aimed at improving nutrition and indicates how effective interventions can be delivered in an integrated fashion. It shows how the essential nutrition actions described in the first part have been implemented in large-scale programmes in various settings, what the outcomes have been, and to examine the evidence for attribution of changes in nutritional outcomes to programme activities. This summary of CNP is retrieved from the ENA Part II where CNP is one of 32 large-scale community-based programs that has been reviewed in detail and evaluated.


End date:

Target group: 
Infants and young children
Lactating women (LW)
Pregnant women (PW)
Preschool-age children (Pre-SAC)
Age group: 
Children below 3 years
Implementation details : 

Internal provision supplementary feeding 

Coverage level (%): 
Coverage of approximately 20 % of children under 3 years.
Outcome indicator(s): 



Population sustained rate of underweight reduction: 2,2 ppt/year

Outcome reported by social determinants: 
Vulnerable groups

Revision log

Thu, 03/22/2018 - 14:54engesveenkCopy of the revision from Wed, 11/26/2014 - 16:03.published