Action - Integrated Management Childhood Illness (IMCI) - Nutrition education

Programme: Integrated Management Childhood Illness (IMCI)

Programme description

The Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) was implemented in Brazil in 1997 and by 2002 had begun in all states, within the context of the Family Health Programme. Coverage reported for the Family Health Programme is variable since municipalities must apply to the federal government and make a financial contribution to join the programme. 

Programme type

Large scale programmes


Intensity of community health workers is reported as 1 per 100–200 families



WHO (2013) Essential Nutrition Actions – Improving maternal, newborn, infant and young child health and nutrition, which provides a compact of WHO guidance on nutrition interventions targeting the first 1000 days of life. Part I presents the interventions currently recommended by WHO, summarizes the rationale and the evidence, and describes the actions require to implement them. Part II provides an analysis of community-based interventions aimed at improving nutrition and indicates how effective interventions can be delivered in an integrated fashion. It shows how the essential nutrition actions described in the first part have been implemented in large-scale programmes in various settings, what the outcomes have been, and to examine the evidence for attribution of changes in nutritional outcomes to programme activities. This summary of IMCI is retrieved from the ENA Part II where IMCI is one of 32 large-scale community-based programs that has been reviewed in detail and evaluated.


Start date:

Other delivery: 
Community nutrition centre
M&E system: 

<p>The impact of IMCI on nutritional status in Brazil has not been reported.</p>

Revision log

Thu, 03/22/2018 - 14:23engesveenkCopy of the revision from Wed, 11/26/2014 - 15:59.published