Key strategies for nutrition:
- Strengthen nutrition service delivery in HIV/AIDS and TB programmes and activities.
- Strengthen implementation of infant and young child feeding programme.
- Promote maternal nutrition in pregnancy and during lactation;
- Provide support to micronutrient deficiency prevention and control (supplementation).
- Provide quality dietary, including food aid management services and information to in- and out patients.
- Strengthen use of Growth Monitoring and Promotion to improve nutrition interventions.
- Capacity building in Nutrition Advocacy and technical support and supervision.
- Scale-up public awareness and education on the importance of nutrition.
- Strengthen national and multi-sector coordination of nutrition programmes.
Key strategies for the child health programme:
Scale up infant and young child feeding services, including promotion of breastfeeding and complementary feeding after 6 months.
- Strengthen the School Health and Nutrition (SHN) Programme.
Key strategies for cross-cutting issues:
- Strengthen Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health (MNCH) interventions through the CARMMAZ strategy
- Improve the availability of MNCH and nutrition commodities (e.g. FP commodities, vaccines, therapeutic feeds).
- Strengthen community involvement in MNCH and nutrition services.
- Mainstream nutrition in other key health sector interventions, such as maternal and adolescent health, HIV care, TB, IMCI and NCDs.
- Scale-up and sustain high impact nutrition interventions, such as micronutrients deficiency control (Vitamin A supplementation in under five children, iron-folate supplements to pregnant women and iodations of salt).
- Provide comprehensive health promotion services in all programmes.
- Strengthen operational research.
Key strategies for Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs):
- Conduct a situational analysis of NCDs and their social, behavioral, and political determinants.
- Introduce and strengthen the reduction in the levels of exposure of individuals and the populations at large to the common modifiable risk factors for NCDs.
- Strengthen and scale up screening programmes for NCDs.
- Strengthen the health system to respond to the need for effective management of NCDs, (e. g. developing evidence based standards and guidelines for cost effective interventions).
- Undertake operational research.
- Develop a comprehensive NCDs Strategy.
Key strategies for environmental and occupational health
- Promote establishment of new and strengthening of existing Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Education (WASHE) Committees at national, provincial, district and sub-district levels.
- Institutionalise Food Safety Protocols of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point System (HACCP).
- Promote the provision of appropriate and suitable water and sanitation facilities in peri-urban and rural areas.
- Strengthen national health care waste management at all levels of care.
Key strategies for health education and promotion
- Strengthen the policy and strategic framework for health education and promotion.
- Strengthen the health promotion unit at MOH head quarters, so as to ensure effective coordination.
- Advocate for public policies that support and promote health.
- Strengthen community response and participation in health education and promotion.
- Strengthen health education and promotion in schools, through the School Health and Nutrition Programme.
- Integrate health education and promotion in all health programmes and at all levels.
- Establish collaborative systems with partners, private sector, civil society, CHAZ and other stakeholders to support health education and promotion.