3. Rural Development
Priority Area 2: Productivity and Sustainability of Agriculture
3.33 Rwandan agriculture will move from a largely subsistence to a commercialised base building on the sector’s comparative advantage. While staple crops will continue tobe important for nutrition and smallholder incomes, over the longer term, the climate, and favourable endowments of water and labour favour high-value crops. These products arelabour intensive, require technical and value chain expertise and can generate high levels ofincome per hectare. Promoting high-value products to diversify smallholder farming andsatisfy increasing urban, domestic and regional incomes and diets, will be a priority.
6. Foundational and Cross Cutting Issues
6.10 Under EDPRS 2, poor maternal, infant and child feeding practices will be addressed through coordinated, strengthened and scaled up community based nutrition programmes and information campaigns across the country. Early detection of stunting willbe achieved through interventions like growth monitoring and nutrition education for mothersand caretakers. Chronically malnourished children will be referred to a programme formoderate malnutrition (within the community) or to health facilities for severe malnutrition.
In addition, supporting the implementation of existing district plans to eliminate malnutrition will be a priority. Communication campaigns to diversify household food production and consumption, e.g. kitchen gardens, will be undertaken. Agriculture and social protection interventions will be linked to reach the most vulnerable children, e.g. through school feeding programmes like One Cup of Milk per Child. Programmes on bio-fortified foods will also be developed and the food security information system will be strengthened.
6.11 Household food security relates very much to the stability of rural incomes in the face of seasonality and crop failure. The priority will be to strengthen existinginitiatives that have increased productivity and have generated strong agricultural growth,both through agricultural and animal resource intensification and training of farmers. Thesecond key strategic priority is value chain development (including nutrition-sensitive valuechains, e.g. milk), strengthening markets for agricultural products, empowering small-holderfarming systems, attracting increased private sector investment and reducing post-harvestlosses. In addition, interventions will be directed to the areas with lowest food consumptionand highest rates of malnutrition particularly in the districts which have high levels ofextreme poverty.
6.46… EDPRS 2 will mainstream gender and family in planning, budgeting and in all development programmes/projects at national and local levels. Sector strategies and district plans will focus on interventions that reduce poverty levels among men and women, and reduce gender based violence, malnutrition and other related conflicts at both family and community level
6.56 For the NCDs, the priority areas are prevention and control of NCDs in general and in the workplace through increased sensitisation and awareness of the dangers and risks, and by promoting healthy nutrition and living.