Policy - Strategy for the Prevention and Control of Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies in Afghanistan

Published by:
Ministry of Public Health
Published year:
Type of policy:
Nutrition policy, strategy or plan focusing on specific nutrition areas


Goals, objectives or targets related to nutrition: 

2.1.3. Goal

Contribute to the reduction of infant, child and maternal mortality and morbidity caused by malnutrition.

2.1.4. Objectives

By the end of 2013 in Afghanistan:

1. Reach and sustain >90% coverage of high dose Vitamin A capsule distribution among children 6 – 59 months.

2. Enable >50% of households to regularly access Vitamin A and D fortified cooking oil and ghee (clarified butter).

3. Enable >90% of households to regularly access and consume iodized salt.

4. Increase the coverage of iron and folic acid (IFA) supplementation for pregnant and lactating women and iron supplementation of children less than 24 months of age through Basic Package of Health Services to 50%.

5. Fortify all industrially produced flour produced or imported into the country with vitamins and minerals according to international recommendations.

6. Enable 30% of households to utilize commercially or home-fortified complementary foods to feed their children.

7. Increase use of zinc supplementation as a component of diarrhoea treatment among more than 80% of affected preschool children.

8. Build national human capacity in nutrition science and food science and industry to adequately prevent and control vitamin and mineral deficiency in Afghanistan.

The overall aim of the “National Nutrition Policy and Strategy” of the MoPH is to “prevent, control and treat major micronutrient deficiency disorders and their outbreaks throughout the country with a major focus on iodine, iron, zinc, folic acid, Vitamin A and Vitamin C”. Some population-based interventions as well as a number of targeted local projects have been implemented to address vitamin and mineral deficiencies with support from international donor agencies such as UNICEF, WFP, FAO, USAID, and The Micronutrient Initiative. These programs should be strengthened or expanded while additional evidence-based interventions could be implemented to help improve the micronutrient status of the Afghan population, especially among women and young children.

Based on experiences from successful vitamin and mineral deficiency intervention programs in other countries, evidence from published literature, and the current public nutrition situation and capacity in Afghanistan, recommendations are proposed based on three broad themes:

1) Strengthen micronutrient deficiency prevention (and treatment) through the BPHS;

2) Expand and strengthen public-private-civic sector partnerships; and

3) Develop public and private sector human capacity and expertise.


WHO 2nd Global Nutrition Policy Review 2016-2017

Revision log

Mon, 02/19/2018 - 14:42engesveenkCreated by omarmom.published
Fri, 07/08/2016 - 00:51engesveenkCreated by omarmom.published