The Community-Based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM) is one of World Vision’s core project models in nutrition. The CMAM approach enables community volunteers to identify and initiate treatment by referring children with acute malnutrition before they become seriously ill. Caregivers provide treatment for the majority of children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the home using Ready-to-Use-Therapeutic Foods (RUTF) and receiving routine medical care at a local health facility. When necessary, severely malnourished children who have medical complications or lack an appetite are referred to in-patient facilities for more intensive treatment. CMAM programs also work to integrate treatment with a variety of other longer-term interventions such as Nutrition Education, Infant and Young Child Feeding and Food Security. These interventions are designed to reduce the incidence of malnutrition and improve public health and food security in a sustainable manner.
There are four key components to the CMAM approach: Community Mobilisation, Supplementary Feeding Program (SFP), Outpatient Therapeutic Program (OTP), and Stabilisation Centre/In-patient Care (SC). On the most part, World Vision does not set up Stabilisation Centres but instead works closely with existing local health institutions or medical NGOs to provide these services.
World Vision has been operational in Niger for almost two decades – implementing a wide range of long-term development activities across the country. Their work is structured alongside the model of comprehensive area development programs (known internally as ADPs). Each ADP has a Health & Nutrition component which seeks to deliver support through (while simultaneously strengthening) local health structures. In July 2005 and as a result of the 2005 food crisis in Niger that year, World Vision launched a community-based management of acute malnutrition (CMAM) program based on the National Protocol for the Management of Acute Malnutrition. At that time, contacts were made with Valid International – aimed at establishing a partnership for an effective and quality delivery of the CMAM program. An institutional agreement between World Vision and Valid International was reached in July 2006, thus paving the way for the provision of technical support to the Niger CTC (now called CMAM) program.
As a part of the national nutrition strategy, WV is currently implementing CMAM in many decentralized government health centers throughout the country, with the support of partner NGOs (ex. Medecins Sans Frontieres). From the onset of CMAM program implementation, It has been integrated within the Ministry of Health structures such as the CSIs (Integrated Health Centers) with regular trainings of MOH health staff at national, regional and CSI levels based on the most revised version of the National Protocol, ultimately leading to the final version (i.e. Protocole Nationale de prise en Charge de la Malnutrition. MOH Publique/UNICEF/OMS. Juin 2009).
Evaluation of World Vision Niger Emergency Nutrition Programme, Tillaberi and Niamey Regions (Jul 2010 - Jul 2011), Bernadette Feeney, Technical Advisor, Valid International.
Evaluation Semi-Quantitative de l’Accessibilité et de la Couverture (SQUEAC) CSI appuyés par World Vision ADP de Kornaka West, Gobir Yamma, Chadakori et Goulbi Kaba Région de Maradi, République du Niger, (22 mars au 15 avril, 2011), Allie Norris, Consultante Mobilisation, Valid International.
Rapport De La Mobilisation Sociale Dans Le Cadre Du Redémarrage des Activités Du Programme De World Vision de Prise en charge Communautaire de la Malnutrition Aiguë Régions de Zinder, Maradi et Tillabéri, Niger (13 Juin au 8 Juillet, 2010), Allie Norris et Gabriele Walz Techniciennes de Mobilisation Sociale, Valid International.
Formation sur la “Prise en charge Communautaire de la Malnutrition Aiguë” (PCMA) ADP de Zinder & de Tillabéri (20 juin au 19 juillet, 2010); ADP de Maradi (20 Juin au 8 Juillet, 2010), Lionella Fieschi, Consultante PCMA et Bernadette Feeneey, Valid International.
Evaluation Finale Du Programme CTC Dans La Région De Zinder World Vision, Niger (06 au 18 Juin, 2008), El Hadji Issakha Diop, CTC Advisor, Valid International.
Rapport De L’enquête De Couverture Du Projet CTC Exécuté Par World Vision ADPs De Kassama, DTk Et Gamou Région De Zinder Niger (Avril- Mai, 2007), Lionella Fieschi, Consultante CTC, Valid International.
Programme CTC de World Vision dans la région de Zinder, Niger : Evaluation à mi- parcours (11- 18 Mai, 2007), El Hadji Issakha Diop, Consultant CTC, Valid International.
Visite au programme CTC Région de Zinder (WV Niger), (13 – 24 Février, 2007) Montse Saboya, Valid International.
Mobilisation Communautaire Visite Technique au Programme de CTC Zinder, Niger, (20 février – 2 mars, 2007), Saul Guerrero & Nyauma Nyasani, Consultants de développement communautaire et social, Valid International.
Community Mobilisation aspects of the World Vision CTC Programme, Zinder Region, Niger (Aug 4 - 18, 2006), Saul Guerrero, Valid International.
Assessment for CTC World Vision in Niger (Jul - Aug, 2006), Valid International.
Community-based Management of Acute Malnutrition Model: http://www.wvi.org/nutrition/project-models/cmam
Once the main components of the CMAM programme (e.g. OTP and SFP) have been well implemented in the existing MOH and community structures, a focus was given to address the negative behavioural and adaptive issues around IYCF in order to prevent further malnutrition. Depending on the priorities and funding availability, some ADPs were able to integrate IYCF activities in the CMAM. These included carrying out weekly health and nutrition session on CMAM days at the CSIs (Health Centers) and reactivating PD Hearth approach to develop menus using new types of locally available foods for complementary feeding promotion. Additional objectives of IYCF included strengthening existing nutrition systems and capacity building through training of health workers and community volunteers on IYCF and carrying out a baseline survey on IYCF and quarterly monitoring of changes in behaviour (e.g. EBF rates, diversity of food groups in complementary feeding). However, apart from the weekly nutrition education sessions at the CSIs, some of the activities did not translate into action at the community level. For example, the training of national WV staff on IYCF did not cascade down to the community level with community volunteers and also did not translated into activities or development of monitoring tools at community level. Additionally, no baseline IYCF information was available and quarterly monitoring data had not been collected or was unavailable at community level.
NB: This program was funded for a year therefore continuation of the activities beyond the funding period is likely be sporadic as it will depend on various factors including staff and volunteer capacity and motivation.
For Tillaberi and Niamey regions in July 2010-July 2011:
Nutrition education (incl. IYCF): Target 24,700; Achieved (by the 3rd quarter) 14,234
Number and percentage of infants 0-6 mos who are exclusively breastfed: Target 310 (10%); Achieved N/A
Number and percentage of children aged 6-24 mos who receive foods daily from 4 or more food groups: Target 3045 (40%); Achieved N/A
Due to a lack of monitoring and reporting it was not possible to report on Infant and Young Child Feeding activities apart from nutrition education sessions at the health centers even if these activities had been occurring in an informal manner in the communities. But it appears that these activities had been strengthened and expanded towards the end of the programme cycle.
Same as above
|Fri, 09/20/2013 - 11:18||engesveenk||Edited by engesveenk. Allocated 1 region only per geocoding location field for correct display on map||published|