Policy - National Nutrition Strategy for Yemen

Published by:
Ministry of Public Health and Population Primary Health Care
Published year:
Type of policy:
Comprehensive national nutrition policy, strategy or plan


Goals, objectives or targets related to nutrition: 

Overall goal:  Health status of Yemeni people is improved through strengthening nutritional intervention by 2020.

Targets: Serious nutritional problems to be solved in this moment are malnutrition/under nutrition; including anemia, vitamin A deficiency, iodine deficiency, rickets, zinc deficiency and household insecurity.


Conduct the following nutrition interventions:


Control of child undernutrition

-          Reduce of the prevalence rate of undernutrition among infant and young children

-          Improve infant and young child feeding

-          Improve dietary habit affecting nutritional status of infant and children

-          Contribute improving household food security

-          Improve dietary habit affecting nutritional status of infant and children

-          Reduce the risk of infectious diseases

-          Reduce the prevalence of LBW

-          Prevent the deterioration of malnutrition cases at early stage


Control of low birth weight

-          Reduce the prevalence of low birth weight

-          Reduce the prevalence of malnourished pregnant women

-          Reduce cases of early and frequent pregnancies

-          Reduce number of pregnant women having habit of smoking cigarette /shisha and chewing qat

-          Improve the services of nutrition screening and counseling for pregnant women

-          Increase the access rate of monitoring and providing special care for low-birth weight babies


Control of maternal undernutrition

-          Reduce the prevalence of undernutrition among women of reproductive age

-          Improve dietary diversity and modification for pregnant and lactating mothers

-          Detect under-nutrition of pregnant mothers at early stage and provide appropriate counseling

-          Prevent early pregnancy and frequent pregnancy

-          Improve the life custom of women which can be a risk factor of maternal health and nutrition such as heavy work load, smoking and chewing qat


Control of rickets

-          Eliminate the prevalence of rickets among children under five

-          Increase the rate of children exposure to sunlight for children and pregnant mother

-          Increase the consumption of foods rich with vitamin D and calcium in children and pregnant mothers

-          Increase the rate of detection and treatment cases for children with rickets symptoms at early stage


Control of iron deficiency anemia

-          Reduce the prevalence of anemia among children under five and women of reproductive age

-          Improve the quality and diversity of diet to increase the intake and bioavailability of iron

-          Promote the use of iron fortified food

-          Increase the access of iron/folate tablets among pregnant and lactating women

-          Reduce the risk factor of parasitic infestation (Malaria, Schistosomiasis, Helminthes)


 Control of vitamin A deficiency

-          Decrease the prevalence rate of vitamin A deficiency disorder among children under five and mothers

-          Increase the consumption of vitamin A rich food

-          Increase the covering of foods fortified with vitamin A

-          Increase the coverage of vitamin A capsule for children and mothers


Control of iodine deficiency

-          To eliminate Iodine Deficiency Disorders in Yemen

-          To ensure all the people can access iodized salt


Control of zinc deficiency

-          Reduce of the prevalence of zinc deficiency

-          Clarify the severity and the target group/area of zinc deficiency

-          Increase the zinc intake among people with high risk of zinc deficiency

-          Reduce the risk factor of high excretion of zinc


School nutrition

-          Reduce the prevalence of undernutrition among school children aged from 6 to 15 years

-          Improve food intake of school children quantitatively and qualitatively

-          Decrease the incidence of infectious diseases which interrupt the nutritional status of school children

-          Reduce the prevalence of malnutrition at early stage


Nutrition for emergency situation

-          Reduce the critical risk of death and malnutrition during emergency situation

-          Improve the situation of food shortage in the people who suffer from natural or man-made disasters (flood, drought, earthquake, war, food price crisis, etc)

-          Prevent death cases from malnutrition under emergency situation 


WHO 2nd Global Nutrition Policy Review 2016-2017

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