Action - Feed the Future: The U.S. Government’s Global Hunger and Food Security Initiative - Taxation and price policies - All population groups

Programme: Feed the Future: The U.S. Government’s Global Hunger and Food Security Initiative

Programme description

Feed the Future, the U.S. government’s global hunger and food security initiative, is a $3.5 billion commitment to support countrydriven approaches to address the root causes of poverty, hunger and undernutrition. A whole-of-government initiative led by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Feed the Future leverages the strengths of multilateral institutions, civil society and the private sector. Globally we aim to assist 18 million vulnerable women, children, and family members – mostly smallholder farmers – escape hunger and poverty. Together, we will increase agricultural productivity, decrease poverty, drive economic growth, and reduce undernutrition to improve millions of lives.

Over the next five years in Rwanda, Feed the Future aims to help an estimated 713,000 vulnerable Rwandan women, children and family members—mostly smallholder farmers—escape hunger and poverty. More than 174,000 children will be reached with services to improve their nutrition and prevent stunting and child mortality. Significant numbers of additional rural populations will achieve improved income and nutritional status from strategic policy engagement and institutional investments.

To meet its objectives, Feed the Future Rwanda is making core investments in three key areas: 

1. Systems Transformation

Sustainable Market Linkages

  • Privatization of Rwanda’s Fertilizer Import and Distribution System
  • Beans/Maize Value Chain Development
  • Dairy Value Chain Development
  • Pyrethrum Value Chain Development
  • Development Credit Authority
  • Access to Finance Rwanda
  • Integrated Improved Livelihoods Program


  • Rwanda Rural Feeder Roads Improvement Program
  • Land Husbandry, Water Harvesting and Hillside Irrigation Project
  • Rwanda Integrated Water Security Program
  • Information and Communications Technology for Agriculture


  • Support to Sustainable Market Linkages
  • Other Support to National Multi-sectoral Strategy to Eliminate Malnutrition (NSEM)

2. Innovation. Research Capacity Building Program

3. Policy

  • Sector Program Assistance
  • Famine Early Warning System
  • Agriculture Sector Capacity Building Program

Programme type



USD 3.5 billion



Start date:


End date:

Target group: 
All population groups
Other delivery: 
Implementation details : 

Concerted U.S. Government engagement at the policy level through the provision of SPA will ensure the FTF initiative in Rwanda has nation-wide impact. The policy dialogue with the GOR will seek to encourage more robust dialogue between the GOR and private sector and focus on key issues that are critical to raising productivity of staple crops and constitute core elements of the FTF strategy: privatization of the fertilizer market, post-harvest management, and land tenure security. The SPA will thus enhance the effectiveness of the technical support provided under the FTF initiative in these areas, and, similarly, the technical support will enhance the effectiveness of the SPA.

While the SPA will focus specifically on a few key measures to raise agricultural productivity, it can be expected to help strengthen the GOR-donor policy dialogue in the agriculture sector more generally and even to provide a platform for discussing other issues, such as food safety standards and climate change policy.62 According to the FAO, the core elements of a strengthened dialogue include: more detailed annual planning and budgeting, strengthening existing monitoring arrangements such as the JSRs, and a strengthened M&E system so that discussions are grounded in reliable performance information.63 Complementary technical support will therefore be provided to strengthen M&E capacity, including through the (re-)establishment of the Famine Early Warning System (FEWS) in Rwanda to strengthen data collection and analytical capacity on a number of issues that affect food security, such as climate change.

Because SPA resources will be channeled through GOR systems, it is important to have a full understanding of the risks the systems present so they can be mitigated. As previously mentioned, the general environment for making use of host-country systems in Rwanda is quite sound, with low levels of corruption and high levels of performance on various measures of the quality of public administration. The recent PEFA assessment found that substantial progress was made in the area of public financial management over the past three years, findings that were confirmed in the first phase application of USAID’s fiduciary risk assessment tool. The second phase application of the tool, performed with the support the internationally recognized accounting firm, Deloitte, involved a detailed analysis of agriculture sector institutions’ financial management systems and found that all identified risks can be mitigated through a targeted public financial management capacity building program within MINAGRI.64 Such a program will complement planned support to strengthen the human and institutional capacity of selected GOR institutions and civil society organizations that have a role in providing oversight of public expenditure and program performance.

Target population size : 
estimated 713,000 vulnerable Rwandan women, children and family members—mostly smallholder farmers—escape hunger and poverty. More than 174,000 children will be reached with services to improve their nutrition and prevent stunting and child mortality.
Coverage level (%): 
Outcome indicator(s): 


M&E system: 

USAID’s existing Performance Management Plan (PMP) for its Economic Growth SO already includes several FTF indicators or indicators closely related to them. Efforts to strengthen the PMP’s alignment with the initiative are underway while FTF nutrition indicators will be incorporated into the GHI/BEST PMP. USAID has developed a web-based performance monitoring tool that facilitates reporting from its implementing partners as a key element of its M&E system. This same system will be utilized to collect activity-level data on FTF indicators.

For many of the high-level FTF indicators, baselines will be established through two national surveys currently underway. Results from the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), for which the U.S. Government is providing focused technical support to the National Institute of Statistics (NISR), will be available in late 2011 while results from a household survey, providing data on poverty levels, are scheduled to be released in early 2012. Consideration is being given to the regular application of an adapted version of USAID’s Poverty Assessment Tool in order to obtain some indication of poverty trends between household surveys, which typically only take place every five years, while an interim DHS planned for 2013/14 and a Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices survey will document changes in nutritional status and feeding practices. Efforts will also be made to utilize the Ministry of Health database to which community health workers report cases of malnutrition via mobile phone.

As previously noted, given identified gaps in data collection and performance monitoring in MINAGRI, the U.S. Government will seek to strengthen its M&E capacity through the establishment of a FEWS field presence and additional M&E technical support. Other donors, including DFID, the EC, and the World Bank, are helping to strengthen the NISR, including its collection and analysis of agricultural data. Improvement of agricultural statistics is a core element of the GOR’s PSI program with the IMF, as data collection procedures that systematically over-estimated agricultural production were thought to compromise the reliability of the GOR’s national income accounts data.

Given Rwanda’s limited size and population, as well as planned U.S. Government engagement on several key policy issues that will have broad, national impact on agricultural development and nutrition, FTF assistance can be expected to substantively contribute to reductions in Rwanda’s rural poverty and malnutrition rates. Through FTF in Rwanda more than 174,000 children will be reached with services to improve their nutrition and prevent stunting and child mortality. An estimated 713,000 vulnerable Rwandan women, children and family members will receive targeted assistance to escape hunger and poverty.

Periodic impact evaluations conducted over the course of the strategy period will help identify the contributions of FTF investments to progress observed through regular performance monitoring, as well as programmatic adjustments that may be required. As an example, a recent impact evaluation of the U.S. Government’s investments in the coffee sector over the past decade was used to inform a decision about whether continued support to the sector was warranted under the FTF initiative.66 An evaluation of USAID’s dairy competiveness program, undertaken in early 2011, likewise informed a decision to re-compete the program.

In addition, the Integrated Improved Livelihoods Program was selected for inclusion in USAID’s FY 2012 Evaluation Initiative, requiring a rigorous impact evaluation of the program’s central hypothesis that integrating microfinance with non-financial services, such as health and education, has the potential to address the multiple needs of the poor with greater efficiency and impact. The evaluation’s design will commence with program start-up to ensure the necessary baseline data is collected from treatment and control groups. The evaluation itself is planned to take place during the program’s third year of implementation so that lessons learned can be applied during its remaining two years.

Outcome reported by social determinants: 
Socio-economic status

Revision log

Fri, 09/20/2013 - 10:53engesveenkEdited by engesveenk. Changed "Nationwide" to "Rwanda" for geocoding (otherwise the action showed up in the US)draft
Sat, 04/20/2013 - 01:50william_nkoomEdited by william_nkoom.draft
Mon, 04/15/2013 - 14:25bloessnermEdited by bloessnerm.draft
Sat, 04/20/2013 - 16:27william_nkoomEdited by AnnaLartey.draft
Fri, 04/12/2013 - 17:12AnnaLarteyCreated by AnnaLartey.draft